1825 in the United States
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|1825 in the United States|
|Years:||1822 1823 1824 – 1825 – 1826 1827 1828|
24 stars (1822–36)
The following are events from the year 1825 in the United States.
- President: James Monroe (DR-Virginia) (until March 4), John Quincy Adams (DR/NR-Massachusetts) (starting March 4)
- Vice President: Daniel D. Tompkins (DR-New York) (until March 4), John C. Calhoun (D-South Carolina) (starting March 4)
- Chief Justice: John Marshall (Virginia)
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Henry Clay (DR-Kentucky) (until March 4), John W. Taylor (DR-New York) (starting December 5)
- Congress: 18th (until March 4), 19th (starting March 4)
- January 10 – Indianapolis becomes the capital of Indiana (moved from Corydon, Indiana).
- February 9 – After no presidential candidate received a majority of electoral votes, the United States House of Representatives elects John Quincy Adams President of the United States.
- February 12 – Treaty of Indian Springs: The Lower Creek Council, led by William McIntosh, cedes a large amount of Creek territory in Georgia to the United States government.
- March 4 – John Quincy Adams officially succeeds James Monroe as President of the United States.
- April 30 – Upper Creek chief Menawa leads an attack that assassinates William McIntosh for signing the Treaty of Indian Springs.
- May 11 – American Tract Society is founded.
- June 3 – Kansa Nation cedes its territory to the United States (see History of Kansas).
- June 11 – The first cornerstone is laid for Fort Hamilton in New York City.
- July 14 – The Jefferson Literary and Debating Society is founded by 16 disgruntled members of the now-defunct Patrick Henry Society in Room 7, West Lawn, of the University of Virginia.
- August 19 – First Treaty of Prairie du Chien at Fort Crawford, Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin
- October 26 – The Erie Canal opens, granting passage from Albany, New York to Lake Erie.
- November 7 – Treaty of St. Louis: 1,400 Missouri Shawnees were forcibly relocated from Missouri to Kansas. (See History of Kansas)
- November 12 – New Echota designated capital of the Cherokee Nation.
- November 26 – At Union College in Schenectady, New York a group of college students form Kappa Alpha Society as the first college social fraternity (it was the first to combine aspects of secret Greek-letter societies, literary societies and formalized student social groups).
- The Cherokee Nation officially adopts Sequoyah's syllabary.
- Vancouver, Washington is established by Dr. John McLoughlin on behalf of the Hudson's Bay Company.
- Ypsilanti, Michigan is established.
- Vicksburg, Mississippi is incorporated.
- New Harmony, Indiana established as a social experiment, built by the Harmony Society and sold to Robert Owen.
- The United States Postal Service starts a dead letter office.
- Centenary College of Louisiana is founded in Jackson, Louisiana. The campus later moved to Shreveport, Louisiana.
- Era of Good Feelings (1817–1825)
- April 7 – John H. Gear, United States Senator from Iowa from 1895 till 1900. (died 1900)
- April 17 – Jerome B. Chaffee, United States Senator from Colorado from 1876 till 1879. (died 1886)
- June 1 – John Hunt Morgan, Confederate general in the American Civil War (died 1864)
- July 15 – Joseph Carter Abbott, United States Senator from North Carolina from 1868 till 1871. (died 1881)
- August 10 – Edmund Spangler, carpenter and stagehand who was employed at Ford's Theatre at the time of President Abraham Lincoln's murder (died 1875)
- November 9 – A. P. Hill, Confederate general killed in the American Civil War (died 1865)
- December 18 – John S. Harris, United States Senator from Louisiana from 1868 till 1871. (died 1906)
- December 30 – Newton Booth, United States Senator from California from 1875 till 1881. (died 1892)
- January 8 – Eli Whitney, Inventor of the cotton gin and milling machine.
- June 1 – Daniel Tompkins, sixth Vice President of the United States from 1817 to 1825 (born 1774)
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