1827 in the United Kingdom
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- Monarch – George IV
- Prime Minister – Robert Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool (Tory) (until 9 April); George Canning (Coalition) (starting 10 April, until 8 August); F. J. Robinson, 1st Viscount Goderich (Coalition) (starting 31 August)
- Parliament – 8th
- 17 January – The Duke of Wellington becomes Commander-in-Chief of the Forces.
- 1 March – St David's College, Lampeter, Wales, opens its doors to its first students.
- 7 March – Ellen Turner is abducted – the Shrigley abduction case begins.
- 7 April – John Walker begins selling his invention, the friction match.
- 10 April – George Canning succeeds Lord Liverpool as British Prime Minister following the latter's resignation due to ill health after almost fifteen years in office.
- 14 May – culprits in the Shrigley abduction are sentenced to three years each.
- 18 May – Red Barn Murder in Suffolk: Maria Marten is shot by her lover.
- 21 May – launch of the London Standard newspaper.
- 6 July – Treaty of London between France, Britain and Russia to demand that the Turks agree to an armistice in Greece.
- 8 August – Prime Minister George Canning dies in office only 119 days after being appointed, making him the shortest serving Prime Minister in British history.
- 31 August – Frederick John Robinson, 1st Viscount Goderich is appointed Prime Minister following the death of Canning, continuing the Canningite Government as the Goderich Ministry.
- 20 October – Battle of Navarino (Greek War of Independence): British, French and Russian naval forces destroy the Turko-Egyptian fleet in Greece. This is the last naval action to be fought under sail alone.
- Anglo-Ashanti war (1823–1831)
- The first of Peel's Acts begin to consolidate the criminal law. Hue and cry is abolished and the setting of mantraps to catch poachers is made illegal.
- Robert Brown observes the phenomenon of Brownian motion.
- Yorkshire Philosophical Society begins excavation of St Mary's Abbey, York, prior to construction of the Yorkshire Museum on part of the site.
- Thomas De Quincey's essay On Murder Considered as one of the Fine Arts (in Blackwood's Magazine).
- Sir Walter Scott's (anonymous) stories Chronicles of the Canongate.
- 24 February – Lydia Becker, suffragette (died 1890)
- 25 March – Edward Bradley ('Cuthbert Bede'), writer (died 1889)
- 2 April – Holman Hunt, painter (died 1910)
- 5 April – Joseph Lister, surgeon (died 1912)
- 4 May – John Hanning Speke, explorer (died 1864)
- 17 July – Frederick Augustus Abel, chemist (died 1902)
- 16 August – Frances Buss, pioneer of women's education (died 1894)
- 24 October – George Robinson, 1st Marquess of Ripon, Liberal Party politician (died 1909)
- 2 January – John Mason Good, writer (born 1764)
- 5 January – Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany, heir-presumptive to the throne (born 1763)
- 26 June – Samuel Crompton, inventor (born 1753)
- 8 August – George Canning, Prime Minister (born 1770)
- 12 August – William Blake, poet, painter and printmaker (born 1757)
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 255–256. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- Criminal Statutes Repeal Act, 7 and 8 Geo. IV. c. 27.
- The Hutchinson Factfinder. Helicon. 1999. ISBN 1-85986-000-1.