1830 United States Census

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The United States Census of 1830, the fifth census undertaken in the United States, was conducted on June 1, 1830. The only loss of census records for 1830 involved some countywide losses in Massachusetts, Maryland, and Mississippi.

It determined the population of the 24 states to be 12,866,020, of which 2,009,043 were slaves. The center of population was about 170 miles (274 km) west of Washington, D.C. in present-day Grant County, West Virginia.

Census questions[edit]

The 1830 census asked these questions:[1]

  • Name of head of family
  • Address
  • Number of free white males and females
    • in five-year age groups to age 20
    • in 10-year age groups from 20 to 100
    • 100 years and older
  • number of slaves and free colored persons in six age groups
  • number of deaf and dumb
    • under 14 years old
    • 14 to 24 years old
    • 25 years and older
  • number of blind
  • foreigners not naturalized

Data availability[edit]

No microdata from the 1830 population census are available, but aggregate data for small areas, together with compatible cartographic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System.

City rankings[edit]

Rank City State Population[2] Region (2016)[3]
01 New York New York 202,589 Northeast
02 Baltimore Maryland 80,620 South
03 Philadelphia Pennsylvania 80,462 Northeast
04 Boston Massachusetts 61,392 Northeast
05 New Orleans Louisiana 46,082 South
06 Charleston South Carolina 30,289 South
07 Northern Liberties Pennsylvania 28,872 Northeast
08 Cincinnati Ohio 24,831 Midwest
09 Albany New York 24,209 Northeast
10 Southwark Pennsylvania 20,581 Northeast
11 Washington District of Columbia 18,826 South
12 Providence Rhode Island 16,833 Northeast
13 Richmond Virginia 16,060 South
14 Salem Massachusetts 13,895 Northeast
15 Kensington Pennsylvania 13,394 Northeast
16 Portland Maine 12,598 Northeast
17 Pittsburgh Pennsylvania 12,568 Northeast
18 Brooklyn New York 12,406 Northeast
19 Troy New York 11,556 Northeast
20 Spring Garden Pennsylvania 11,140 Northeast
21 Newark New Jersey 10,953 Northeast
22 Louisville Kentucky 10,341 South
23 New Haven Connecticut 10,180 Northeast
24 Norfolk Virginia 9,814 South
25 Rochester New York 9,207 Northeast
26 Charlestown Massachusetts 8,783 Northeast
27 Buffalo New York 8,668 Northeast
28 Georgetown District of Columbia 8,441 South
29 Utica New York 8,323 Northeast
30 Petersburg Virginia 8,322 South
31 Alexandria District of Columbia 8,241 South
32 Portsmouth New Hampshire 8,026 Northeast
33 Newport Rhode Island 8,010 Northeast
34 Lancaster Pennsylvania 7,704 Northeast
35 New Bedford Massachusetts 7,592 Northeast
36 Gloucester Massachusetts 7,510 Northeast
37 Savannah Georgia 7,303 South
38 Nantucket Massachusetts 7,202 Northeast
39 Hartford Connecticut 7,074 Northeast
40 Moyamensing Pennsylvania 6,822 Northeast
41 Springfield Massachusetts 6,784 Northeast
42 Augusta Georgia 6,710 South
43 Lowell Massachusetts 6,474 Northeast
44 Newburyport Massachusetts 6,375 Northeast
45 Lynn Massachusetts 6,138 Northeast
46 Cambridge Massachusetts 6,072 Northeast
47 Taunton Massachusetts 6,042 Northeast
48 Lexington Kentucky 6,026 South
49 Reading Pennsylvania 5,856 Northeast
50 Nashville Tennessee 5,566 South
51 Warwick Rhode Island 5,529 Northeast
52 Dover New Hampshire 5,449 Northeast
53 Hudson New York 5,392 Northeast
54 Roxbury Massachusetts 5,247 Northeast
55 Marblehead Massachusetts 5,149 Northeast
56 Middleborough Massachusetts 5,008 Northeast
57 St. Louis Missouri 4,977 Midwest
58 Plymouth Massachusetts 4,758 Northeast
59 Lynchburg Virginia 4,630 South
60 Andover Massachusetts 4,530 Northeast
61 Frederick Maryland 4,427 South
62 New London Connecticut 4,335 Northeast
63 Harrisburg New Jersey 4,312 Northeast
64 Schenectady New York 4,268 Northeast
65 Danvers Massachusetts 4,228 Northeast
66 York Pennsylvania 4,216 Northeast
67 Worcester Massachusetts 4,173 Northeast
68 Fall River Massachusetts 4,158 Northeast
69 Dorchester Massachusetts 4,074 Northeast
70 Beverly Massachusetts 4,073 Northeast
71 Trenton New Jersey 3,925 Northeast
72 New Bern North Carolina 3,796 South
73 Wilmington North Carolina 3,791 South
74 Carlisle Pennsylvania 3,707 Northeast
75 Easton Pennsylvania 3,529 Northeast
76 Elizabeth New Jersey 3,455 Northeast
77 Hagerstown Maryland 3,371 South
78 Columbia South Carolina 3,310 South
79 Fredericksburg Virginia 3,308 South
80 Mobile Alabama 3,194 South
81 Norwich Connecticut 3,135 Northeast
82 Middletown Connecticut 3,123 Northeast
83 Zanesville Ohio 3,094 Midwest
84 Dayton Ohio 2,950 Midwest
85 Steubenville Ohio 2,937 Midwest
86 Fayetteville North Carolina 2,868 South
87 Chillicothe Ohio 2,846 Midwest
88 Allegheny Pennsylvania 2,801 Northeast
89 Natchez Mississippi 2,789 South
90 Annapolis Maryland 2,623 South

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]