1830 in the United States
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|1830 in the United States|
|Years:||1827 1828 1829 – 1830 – 1831 1832 1833|
24 stars (1822–36)
Events from the year 1830 in the United States.
- President: Andrew Jackson (D-Tennessee)
- Vice President: John C. Calhoun (D-South Carolina)
- Chief Justice: John Marshall (Virginia)
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Andrew Stevenson (D-Virginia)
- Congress: 21st
- January 11 – LaGrange College (now the University of North Alabama) opens, becoming the first publicly chartered college in Alabama.
- January 12–January 27 – Robert Y. Hayne of South Carolina debates the question of states' rights vs. federal authority with Daniel Webster of Massachusetts in the United States Congress.
- March 12 – Craig vs. Missouri: The United States Supreme Court rules that state loan certificates are unconstitutional.
- March 26 – The Book of Mormon is published by Joseph Smith in Palmyra, New York.
- April 6 – Joseph Smith and others organize the Church of Christ (later renamed the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints), the first formally organized church of the Latter Day Saint movement, in northwestern New York.
- May 28 – US congress passes the Indian Removal Act.
- September 27 – Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek with Choctaw nation. (First removal treaty signed after the Removal Act.)
- January 25 – Thomas W. Palmer, United States Senator from Michigan from 1883 till 1889. (died 1913)
- January 31 – James G. Blaine, United States Senator from Maine from 1876 till 1881 and United States Secretary of State in 1881 and from 1889 till 1892. (died 1893)
- March 1 – Alexander Caldwell United States Senator from Kansas from 1871 till 1873. (died 1917)
- April 26 – Thomas M. Norwood, United States Senator from Georgia from 1871 till 1877. (died 1913)
- May 9 – Harriet Lane, acting First Lady of the United States during James Buchanan's presidency (died 1903)
- May 23 – Henry M. Teller, United States Senator from Colorado from 1876 till 1882 and from 1885 till 1909. (died 1914)
- November 26 – Horace Tabor, United States Senator from Colorado in 1883. (died 1899)
- December 8 – William Pitt Kellogg, United States Senator from Louisiana from 1868 till 1872 and from 1877 till 1883. (died 1918)
- December 10 – Emily Dickinson, poet (died 1886)
- December 13 – James D. Walker, United States Senator from Arkansas from 1879 till 1885. (died 1906)
- February 1 – Thomas W. Cobb, United States Senator from Georgia from 1824 till 1828. (born 1784)
- July 2 – Robert H. Adams, United States Senator from Mississippi in 1830. (born 1792)
- September 24 – Elizabeth Monroe, wife of James Monroe, First Lady of the United States (born 1768)
- October 14 – John McClean, United States Senator from Illinois from 1824 till 1825 and from 1829 till 1830. (born 1791)
- Media related to 1830 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons