1830 in the United States
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|1830 in the United States|
24 stars (1822–36)
|Timeline of United States history|
|History of the United States (1789–1849)|
Events from the year 1830 in the United States.
- President: Andrew Jackson (D-Tennessee)
- Vice President: John C. Calhoun (D-South Carolina)
- Chief Justice: John Marshall (Virginia)
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Andrew Stevenson (D-Virginia)
- Congress: 21st
- January 11 – LaGrange College (now the University of North Alabama) opens, becoming the first publicly chartered college in Alabama.
- January 12–January 27 – Robert Y. Hayne of South Carolina debates the question of states' rights vs. federal authority with Daniel Webster of Massachusetts in the United States Congress.
- March 12 – Craig vs. Missouri: The United States Supreme Court rules that state loan certificates are unconstitutional.
- May 28 – US congress passes the Indian Removal Act.
- September 27 – Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek with Choctaw nation. (First removal treaty signed after the Removal Act.)
- January 25 – Thomas W. Palmer, United States Senator from Michigan from 1883 till 1889. (died 1913)
- January 31 – James G. Blaine, United States Senator from Maine from 1876 till 1881 and United States Secretary of State in 1881 and from 1889 till 1892. (died 1893)
- March 1 – Alexander Caldwell United States Senator from Kansas from 1871 till 1873. (died 1917)
- April 26 – Thomas M. Norwood, United States Senator from Georgia from 1871 till 1877. (died 1913)
- May 9 – Harriet Lane, acting First Lady of the United States during James Buchanan's presidency (died 1903)
- May 13 – Zebulon Baird Vance, Confederate military officer in the American Civil War, the 37th and 43rd Governor of North Carolina, U.S. Senator (died 1894)
- May 23 – Henry M. Teller, United States Senator from Colorado from 1876 till 1882 and from 1885 till 1909. (died 1914)
- November 26 – Horace Tabor, United States Senator from Colorado in 1883. (died 1899)
- December 8 – William Pitt Kellogg, United States Senator from Louisiana from 1868 till 1872 and from 1877 till 1883. (died 1918)
- December 10 – Emily Dickinson, poet (died 1886)
- December 13 – James D. Walker, United States Senator from Arkansas from 1879 till 1885. (died 1906)
- February 1 – Thomas W. Cobb, United States Senator from Georgia from 1824 till 1828. (born 1784)
- June 25 – Ephraim McDowell, American physician and pioneer surgeon (born 1771)
- July 2 – Robert H. Adams, United States Senator from Mississippi in 1830. (born 1792)
- August 9 – James Armistead Lafayette, African American slave, Continental Army double agent (born 1748 or 1760)
- September 24 – Elizabeth Monroe, First Lady of the United States (born 1768)
- October 14 – John McClean, United States Senator from Illinois from 1824 till 1825 and from 1829 till 1830. (born 1791)
- Media related to 1830 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons