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Events from the year 1831 in Canada.
- A charter for a railway, from La Prairie, Quebec to St. John's, is granted; it will be the first railway in Canada.
- Massive Patriote campaign to petition the king for reforms.
- Male Jews were extended full political and religious rights.
- Many African-Canadians were protesting at the time about voting rights, although these weren't granted to them until 7 years later.
- February 1 - Francis Evans Cornish, politician (died 1878)
- February 14 - Camille Lefebvre (died 1895)
- March 18 - David Mills, politician, author, poet and jurist (died 1903)
- April 17 - John Macoun, naturalist (died 1920)
- May 1 - Emily Stowe, first female doctor to practice in Canada and women's rights and suffrage activist (died 1903)
- May 17 - Robert Machray, clergyman, missionary and first Primate of the Church of England in Canada (died 1904)
- July 30 - Simon Hugh Holmes, publisher, lawyer, politician and Premier of Nova Scotia (died 1919)
- August 16 - John Jones Ross, politician and Premier of Quebec (died 1901)