1834 in the United States
|1834 in the United States|
24 stars (1822–36)
|Timeline of United States history|
|History of the United States (1789–1849)|
Events from the year 1834 in the United States.
- President: Andrew Jackson (Democratic)
- Vice President: Martin Van Buren (Democratic)
- Chief Justice: John Marshall (Virginia)
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Andrew Stevenson (D-Virginia) (until June 2), John Bell (Whig-Tennessee) (starting June 2)
- Congress: 23rd
- January 25 – Hillsborough County is created by Florida's territorial legislature.
- March 11 – United States Survey of the Coast transferred to the Department of the Navy.
- March 28 – The United States Senate censures President Andrew Jackson for his actions in defunding the Second Bank of the United States (censure expunged in 1837).
- April 14 – The Whig Party is officially named by United States Senator Henry Clay.
- June 30 – the 6th Indian Trade and Intercourse Act is updated and renewed Indian Territory is effective.
- July 7–10 – Anti-abolitionist riots in New York City.
- July 29 – Office of Indian Affairs organized.
- August 11–12 – Ursuline Convent Riots: A convent of Ursuline nuns is burned near Boston.
- November 4 – Delta Upsilon fraternity founded at Williams College.
- November 11 – The rare 1804 dollar coin is struck by the United States Mint
- Worcester Academy is founded as the Worcester County Manual Labor High School.
- Franklin College is founded in Franklin, Indiana.
- The Medical College of Louisiana is founded in New Orleans, which later becomes Tulane University.
- Wake Forest College is founded in Wake Forest, which later becomes Wake Forest University.
- The Wilmington and Raleigh Railroad is chartered in Wilmington, North Carolina, and begins construction.
- January 9 – Wilkinson Call, United States Senator from Florida from 1879 till 1897. (died 1910)
- March 4 – James W. McDill, United States Senator from Iowa from 1881 till 1883. (died 1894)
- March 5 – Uriah M. Rose, Arkansas lawyer (died 1913)
- June 28 – Samuel Pasco, British-born United States Senator from Florida from 1887 till 1899. (died 1917)
- July 19 – Benjamin F. Jonas, United States Senator from Louisiana from 1879 till 1885. (died 1911)
- August 27 – James B. Eustis, United States Senator from Louisiana from 1876 till 1879 and from 1885 till 1891. (died 1899)
- September 5 – John G. Carlisle, United States Senator from Kentucky from 1890 till 1893. (died 1910)
- September 6 – Samuel Arnold, conspirator involved in the plot to kidnap U.S. President Abraham Lincoln in 1865 (died 1906)
- October 9 – Rufus Blodgett, United States Senator from New Jersey from 1887 till 1893. (died 1910)
- December 6 – Henry W. Blair, United States Senator from New Hampshire from 1879 till 1891. (died 1920)
- December 24 – Charles W. Jones, Ireland-born United States Senator from Florida from 1875 till 1887. (died 1897)
- February 2 – Lorenzo Dow, minister (born 1777)
- February 18 – William Wirt, 9th United States Attorney General (born 1772)
- February 28 – Isaac D. Barnard, U.S. Senator from 1827 to 1831 (born 1791)
- May 20 – Marquis de Lafayette, French aristocrat and military officer who fought in the American Revolutionary War, died in France (born 1791 in France)
- August 24 – William Kelly, U.S. Senator from Alabama from 1822 to 1825 (born 1786)
- September 15 – William H. Crawford, politician and judge (born 1772)
- October 10 – Thomas Say, naturalist (born 1787)
- Media related to 1834 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons