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This article is about the year 1835.
|Centuries:||18th century – 19th century – 20th century|
|Decades:||1800s 1810s 1820s – 1830s – 1840s 1850s 1860s|
|Years:||1832 1833 1834 – 1835 – 1836 1837 1838|
|1835 in topic:|
|Archaeology – Architecture – Art – Literature – Music|
|Australia – Brazil - Canada – France – Germany – Mexico – Philippines – South Africa – United Kingdom – United States|
|Rail Transport – Science – Sports|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial Governors – State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2588|
|British Regnal year||5 Will. 4 – 6 Will. 4|
|Chinese calendar||甲午年 (Wood Horse)
4531 or 4471
— to —
乙未年 (Wood Goat)
4532 or 4472
|- Vikram Samvat||1891–1892|
|- Shaka Samvat||1757–1758|
|- Kali Yuga||4936–4937|
|Japanese calendar||Tenpō 6
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 12 days|
|Minguo calendar||77 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2377–2378|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1835.|
Year 1835 (MDCCCXXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar.
- January 7 – HMS Beagle anchors off the Chonos Archipelago on her second voyage with Charles Darwin on board as naturalist.
- January 8 – The United States public debt contracts to zero for the only time in history.
- January 26 – Queen Maria II of Portugal marries Auguste de Beauharnais, 2nd Duke of Leuchtenberg, in Lisbon; he dies only two months later.
- January 30 – An assassination is attempted against United States President Andrew Jackson in the United States Capitol (the first assassination attempt against a President of the United States).
- February 1 – Slavery is abolished in Mauritius.
- February 20 – Concepción, Chile, is destroyed by an earthquake.
- March 2 – Ferdinand becomes Emperor of Austria.
- March 23 – The Mexican Academy of Language is established.
- April 18 – Lord Melbourne succeeds Sir Robert Peel as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
- May 5
- May 8 – Hans Christian Andersen's Fairy Tales Told for Children. First Collection. begins publication.
- May 23 – The Mexican State of Aguascalientes is formed by decree of President Santa Anna.
- June 1 – Kingston Penitentiary in Kingston, Ontario opens.
- June 8 – The Australian city of Melbourne is founded by John Batman and John Pascoe Fawkner.
- July 14 – Organisation of the universal Catholic Apostolic Church, initially in the U.K.
- August – H. Fox Talbot exposes the world's first known photographic negatives at Lacock Abbey in England.
- August 25 – In the U.S., The New York Sun prints the first of six installments of the Great Moon Hoax.
- August 28 – St. Vincent's Ecclesiastical Seminary, a predecessor of Castleknock College, is founded by the Vincentian community in Dublin, Ireland.
- August 30 – European settlers landing on the north banks of the Yarra River in southeastern Australia found the city of Melbourne.
- September 7 – Charles Darwin arrives at the Galápagos Islands aboard HMS Beagle.
- September 19 – William Lloyd Garrison publishes Angelina Grimké's anti-slavery letter in The Liberator.
- September 20 – The Ragamuffin War begins in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
- October 2 – Texas Revolution – Battle of Gonzales: Mexican soldiers attempt to disarm the people of Gonzales, Texas, but encounter stiff resistance from a hastily assembled militia.
- October 3 – The Staedtler company (pencil manufacturers) is founded by J. S. Staedtler in Nuremberg, Germany.
- October 28 – United Tribes of New Zealand founded at Waitangi with the Declaration of the Independence of New Zealand.
- November 16 – Halley's Comet reaches perihelion, its closest approach to the sun.
- November 19 – A force of 500 Māori people invade and enslave the peoples of the Chatham Islands.
- November 27 – Two London men, James Pratt and John Smith, are hanged in front of Newgate Prison in London after a conviction of buggery. They are the last to suffer capital punishment for homosexual acts in England.
- December 7
- December 9 – The Army of the Republic of Texas captures San Antonio.
- December 16–17 – The Great Fire of New York destroys 530 buildings, including the New York Stock Exchange.
- December 20 – The Texas Declaration of Independence is first signed at Goliad, Texas.
- December 21 – The Raleigh and Gaston Railroad is chartered in Raleigh, North Carolina.
- December 28 – USA: The Second Seminole War breaks out.
- December 29 – The Treaty of New Echota is signed between the United States Government and members of the Cherokee Nation.
- The British Geological Survey is founded as the world's first national geological survey.
- Civil war erupts in Uruguay between supporters of Blanco and Colorado parties.
- The Cachar Levy, forerunner of the Assam Rifles, is founded in India.
- The first Bulgarian-language school opens in the Ottoman Empire.
- The French word for their language changes to français, from françois.
- Fort Cass is established, the military headquarters and site of the largest internment camps during the 1838 Trail of Tears.
- Charles-Louis Havas creates Havas, the first news agency in the world (which later spawns Agence France-Presse).
- English becomes the official language of India.
- Juan Manuel de Rosas becomes Caudillo of Argentina.
- Edward Strutt Abdy publishes his Journal of a Residence and Tour in the United States of North America: From April, 1833, to October 1834.
- David Strauss begins publication of Das Leben Jesu, kritisch bearbeitet ("The life of Jesus, critically examined") in Tübingen.
- February 13 – Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, founder of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community (d. 1908)
- February 15 – Demetrius Vikelas, Greek International Olympic Committee president (d. 1908)
- February 18 – César Cui, Lithuanian composer (d. 1918)
- March 12 – Simon Newcomb, Canadian-American Astronomer (d. 1909)
- March 14 – Giovanni Schiaparelli, Italian astronomer (d. 1910)
- March 15 – Eduard Strauss, Austrian composer (d. 1916)
- March 24 – Jožef Stefan, Slovenian physicist, mathematician, and poet (d. 1893)
- April 2 – Jacob Nash Victor, American railroad builder (d. 1907)
- April 4 – John Hughlings Jackson, English neurologist (d. 1911)
- April 9 – King Léopold II of Belgium (d. 1909)
- May 3 – Alfred Austin, English poet (d. 1913)
- May 7 – Manuel de la Cámara y Libermoore, Spanish admiral (d. 1920)
- May 21 – František Chvostek, Moravian physician (d. 1884)
- June 2 – Pope Pius X, (d. 1914)
- June 10 – Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany, (d. 1908)
- June 15 – Adah Isaacs Menken, American actress (d. 1868)
- June 26 – Thomas W. Knox, American author and journalist (d. 1896)
- July 7 – Ernest Giles, Australian explorer (d. 1897)
- July 10 – Henryk Wieniawski, Polish composer (d. 1880)
- July 27 – Giosuè Carducci, Italian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1907)
- August 2 – Elisha Gray, American inventor and businessman (d. 1901)
- August 19 – Tom Wills, Australian cricketer and pioneer of Australian rules football (d. 1880)
- October 7 – Felix Draeseke, German composer (d. 1913)
- October 9 – Camille Saint-Saëns, French composer (d. 1921)
- October 16 – William R. Shafter, American general (d. 1906)
- October 23 – Adlai E. Stevenson, Vice President of the United States (d. 1914)
- October 31 – Adolf von Baeyer, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1917)
- November 17 – Andrew L. Harris, American Civil War hero and Governor of Ohio (d. 1915)
- November 19 – Rani Lakshmibai, Indian freedom fighter (d. 1858)
- November 21 – Rose Eytinge, American actress (d. 1911)
- November 25 – Andrew Carnegie, American industrialist and philanthropist (d. 1919)
- November 29 – Empress Dowager Cixi of China (d. 1908)
- November 30 – Mark Twain, American author and humorist (d. 1910)
- December 4 – Samuel Butler, English writer (d. 1902)
- December 17 – Alexander Emanuel Agassiz, American scientist, son of Louis Agassiz (d. 1910)
- December 18 – Lyman Abbott, American clergyman and author (d. 1922)
- December 28 – Archibald Geikie, Scottish geologist (d. 1924)
- January 1 – Mátyás Godina, writer, teacher and pastor (b. 1768)
- February 8 – Guillaume Dupuytren, anatomist and military surgeon (b. 1777)
- February 15 – Henry Hunt, British politician (b. 1773)
- March 2 – Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1768)
- March 18 – Christian Günther von Bernstorff, Danish and Prussian statesman and diplomat (b. 1769)
- March 30 – Richard Sharp MP, known as 'Conversation Sharp' London merchant, critic, poet and wit.
- April 1 – Józef Zeydlitz, Polish military leader (b. 1755)
- April 8 – Wilhelm von Humboldt, German linguist and philosopher (b. 1767)
- April 10 – Saint Magdalene of Canossa (b. 1774)
- April 21 – Samuel Slater, American industrialist (b. 1768)
- May 13 – John Nash, English architect (b. 1752)
- June 18 – William Cobbett, English journalist and author (b. 1763)
- June 24 – Andreas Vokos Miaoulis, Greek admiral (b. 1768)
- July 6 – John Marshall, influential American Chief Justice (b. 1755)
- July 28 – Édouard Mortier, duc de Trévise, French marshal (b. 1768)
- September 23
- November 14 – James Freeman, first clergyman in America to call himself a Unitarian (b. 1759)
- November 29 – Princess Catharina of Württemberg, wife of Jérôme Bonaparte (b. 1783)
- December 13 – John Storm, American Revolutionary soldier (b. 1760)
- December 17 – Pierre Louis Roederer, French politician, economist, and historian (b. 1754)
- "public debt history". www.publicdebt.treas.gov.
- "Settlement- foundation and surveying of the City of Melbourne". Melbourne.vic.gov.au. Archived from the original on 16 January 2009.
- Robertson, Patrick (1974). The Shell Book of Firsts. London: Ebury Press. pp. 127–8. ISBN 0-7181-1279-2.
- Cook, Matt; Mills, Robert; Trumback, Randolph; Cocks, Harry (2007). A Gay History of Britain: Love and Sex Between Men Since the Middle Ages. Greenwood World Publishing. p. 109. ISBN 1846450020.
- "Railroads — prior to the Civil War". North Carolina Business History. 2006. Retrieved 2011-12-02.