1835 in the United Kingdom
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Events from the year 1835 in the United Kingdom.
- Monarch – William IV
- Prime Minister – Robert Peel (Tory) (until 8 April), Lord Melbourne (Whig) (starting 18 April)
- January – general election won by the Whigs, but Robert Peel initially remains in office, at the request of King William IV.
- 2 March – opening of Birmingham and Liverpool Junction Canal from Nantwich to Autherley Junction, Wolverhampton, the last major trunk narrow canal to be built and the final work of Thomas Telford (died 1834).
- 18 April – Lord Melbourne succeeds Peel as Prime Minister.
- 18 June – an underground explosion at Wallsend Colliery kills 102.
- 14 July – organisation of the universal Catholic Apostolic Church.
- August – H. Fox Talbot exposes the world's first known photographic negatives at Lacock Abbey in Wiltshire.
- 7 September – Charles Darwin arrives at the Galapagos Islands aboard HMS Beagle.
- 9 September – Municipal Corporations Act modernises local government in towns and cities and gives the new authorities power to appoint police.
- 15 November – Weobley in Herefordshire is the site of the consecration of the first Roman Catholic chapel in England since the Reformation.
- 27 November – two men, James Pratt and John Smith, are hanged in front of Newgate Prison in London after a conviction of buggery. They are the last to suffer capital punishment for homosexual acts in England.
- Coalville in Leicestershire is the site of the establishment of the first Roman Catholic monastery in England since the Reformation, the Cistercians' Mount St. Bernard.
- The Cruelty to Animals Act extends protection of domesticated animals from maltreatment, including outright prohibition on bear-baiting and cockfighting in England and Wales.
- Highway Act codifies the laws relating to highways and makes parish surveyors responsible for their upkeep.
- The county town of Cornwall is transferred from Launceston to Bodmin.
- British Geological Survey founded as the Ordnance Geological Survey, under Henry De la Beche, the world's first national geological survey.
- Geological Museum founded as The Museum of Practical Geology in London.
- In geology, Roderick Murchison names the Silurian period, and Adam Sedgwick the Cambrian.
- Charles Chubb granted a patent for a burglar-resistant safe.
- Marie Tussaud establishes the first permanent Madame Tussauds wax museum in London.
- Maria Callcott's Little Arthur's History of England is published.
- 4 March – John Hughlings Jackson, neurologist (died 1911)
- 3 May – Alfred Austin, poet (died 1913)
- 25 November – Andrew Carnegie, Scottish-American philanthropist (died 1919 in the United States)
- 4 December – Samuel Butler, writer (died 1902)
- 15 February – Henry Hunt, politician (born 1773)
- 13 May – John Nash, architect (born 1752)
- August 30 – William T. Barry, American-born United States Senator from Kentucky from 1814 to 1816 and U.S. Postmaster General from 1829 to 1835. (born 1784)
- 18 June – William Cobbett, journalist and author (born 1763)
- 21 November – James Hogg, poet and novelist (born 1770)
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 260–261. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- Hadfield, Charles (1969). The Canals of the West Midlands (2nd ed.). Newton Abbot: David & Charles. p. 186. ISBN 0-7153-4660-1.
- "Wallsend Colliery Pit Disaster 1835". 2007. Retrieved 2010-10-15.
- Robertson, Patrick (1974). The Shell Book of Firsts. London: Ebury Press. pp. 127–8. ISBN 0-7181-1279-2.
- Friar, Stephen (2001). The Sutton Companion to Local History (rev. ed.). Stroud: Sutton Publishing. p. 243. ISBN 0-7509-2723-2.
- Cook, Matt; Mills, Robert; Trumback, Randolph; Cocks, Harry (2007). A Gay History of Britain: Love and Sex Between Men Since the Middle Ages. Greenwood World Publishing. p. 109. ISBN 1846450020.
- "Monastery". Inside Out. BBC. 7 February 2005. Retrieved 2010-09-17.
- "Cruelty to Animals Act, 1835". Animal Rights History. Retrieved 2011-01-06.
- Shepard, F. H. W., ed. (1960). "Jermyn Street". Survey of London: Volumes 29 and 30: St James Westminster, Part 1. pp. 271–284. Retrieved 28 January 2011.
- Murchison, R. I. (1835). "On the Silurian System of rocks". The London and Edinburgh Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science. 7: 46–52.
- Murchison, R. I.; Sedgwick, A. (1835). "On the Silurian and Cambrian Systems". Report of the meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science: 59–61.
- "History". Chubbsafes. Chubb. Archived from the original on 9 September 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-09.