1836 in poetry
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- November 6 – Czech romantic poet Karel Hynek Mácha, having overexerted himself while helping put out a fire, dies just short of his 26th birthday of pneumonia in Litoměřice; his burial (in a pauper's grave) is held on the day of his intended wedding to Eleonora Šomková about a month after the birth of their child.
- The literary, social and political quarterly Sovremennik (Современник, literally The Contemporary), edited by Russian poet Alexander Pushkin, begins publication in Saint Petersburg. It publishes Fyodor Tyutchev's poetry and the fourth issue contains Pushkin's historical novel The Captain's Daughter.
Works published in English
- Bernard Barton and Lucy Barton, The Reliquary
- Walter Savage Landor, A Satire on Satirists, and Admonition to Detractors
- Francis Sylvester Mahony, The Reliques of Father Prout, Irish poet
- Caroline Norton, A Voice from the Factories
- Catherine Eliza Richardson Grandmamma's Sampler; with Some Other Rhymes for Children
- William Wordsworth, The Poetical Works of William Wordsworth, published in six volumes from this year to 1837 in poetry (a revised text from Poetical Works 1827; new edition with corrections published in 1839; see also Miscellaneous Poems 1820, Poetical Works 1840, Poems 1845, Poetical Works (Centenary Edition) 1870)
- Lyra Apostolica, religious poetry anthology, including verse by John Henry Newman
- Letitia Elizabeth Landon, writing under the pen name "L.E.L." Fisher's Drawing Room Scrap Book, 1837
- Elizabeth Margaret Chandler, Poetical Works, anti-slavery and descriptive poems, including "The Captured Slave" and "The Sunset Hour"; published posthumously
- Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr., Poems, early verse in the author's first poetry book, much of it humorous, such as "Ballad of the Oysterman" and "My Aunt", but other pieces with pathos, such as "The Last Leaf" and "Old Ironsides"
- John Greenleaf Whittier, "Mogg Megone", a critically well-received poem about Native Americans in Maine and the relationship of Indians and Catholic missionaries
Works published in other languages
- Girolamo de Rada, Këngët e Milosaos, Arbëresh
- Andreas Munch, Ephemerer, Norwegian
- France Prešeren, The Baptism on the Savica, Slovene
Death years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:
- February 15 – Matsudaira Katamori 松平容保 (died 1893), Japanese samurai and poet in the last days of the Edo period and the early to mid Meiji period (surname: Matsudaira)
- February 17 – Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer (died 1870), Spanish Andalusian poet and short-story writer
- June 22 – Annie Louisa Walker (died 1907), English-born Canadian
- August 11 – Sarah Morgan Bryan Piatt (died 1919), American
- August 25 – Bret Harte (died 1902), American poet and writer
- November 11 – Thomas Bailey Aldrich (died 1907), American
- November 18 – W. S. Gilbert (died 1911), English comic poet and librettist
- November 28 – Amelia Denis de Icaza (died 1911), Panamanian
- December 4 (probable date) – Duncan MacGregor Crerar (died 1916), Scottish
Birth years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:
- March 5 – William Taylor (born 1765), English man of letters
- April 4 – John Grieve (born 1781), Scottish
- August 20 – Agnes Bulmer (born 1775), English poet
- October 17 – George Colman the Younger (born 1762), English playwright and poet
- November 5 – Karel Hynek Mácha (born 1810), Czech
- List of years in poetry
- List of years in literature
- 19th century in literature
- 19th century in poetry
- Golden Age of Russian Poetry (1800–1850)
- Young Germany (Junges Deutschland) a loose group of German writers from about 1830 to 1850
- List of poets
- List of poetry awards
- Vašák, Pavel (2007). Šifrovaný deník Karla Hynka Máchy. Prague. ISBN 978-80-7304-083-3.
- Cox, Michael, ed. (2004). The Concise Oxford Chronology of English Literature. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-860634-6.
- Jackson, J. R. de J. "Richardson [née Scott], Catherine Eliza (1777–1853), poet and novelist". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/23545. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Burt, Daniel S., The Chronology of American Literature: : America's literary achievements from the colonial era to modern times, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2004, ISBN 978-0-618-16821-7, retrieved via Google Books
- "Bulmer, Agnes". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.