1838 in Scotland
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|See also:||List of years in Scotland|
Timeline of Scottish history
1838 in: The UK • Wales • Ireland • Elsewhere
Events from the year 1838 in Scotland.
- Lord President of the Court of Session and Lord Justice General – Lord Granton
- Lord Justice Clerk – Lord Boyle
- Winter 1837/38 – the Neolithic settlement of Rinyo on Rousay in Orkney is discovered.
- January – leaders of the Glasgow cotton spinners' strike are sentenced to penal transportation (but cleared of murder).
- 2 March – Clydesdale Bank founded in Glasgow.
- 4–22 April – Leith-built paddle steamer SS Sirius (1837) makes the transatlantic crossing from Cork to New York in eighteen days, though not using steam continuously.
- 21 May
- c. June – Robert Napier receives his first contract from the Admiralty, for supply of side-lever engines for installation in HM paddle sloops Vesuvius and Stromboli.
- 4 July – Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway authorised.
- 25 July – Caledonian Curling Club founded in Edinburgh.
- 4 August – the Court Journal prints a rumour that Archibald Montgomerie, 13th Earl of Eglinton, is going to host a great jousting tournament at his castle in Scotland. A few weeks later he confirms this.
- 16 August – Debtors (Scotland) Act 1838 passed.
- 7 September – Dundee paddle steamer Forfarshire (1834), homeward bound from Hull, is wrecked on the Farne Islands off the north east coast of England with the loss of more than 40 people; Grace Darling rescues nine survivors.
- The Hebridean island of Barra is sold by the MacNeils to Colonel Gordon of Cluny.
- Jenners department store established in Princes Street, Edinburgh.
- Glen Ord Distillery established on the Black Isle.
- The Ordnance Survey commences the primary triangulation of Scotland.
- David Brewster originates the stereoscope.
- Royal Scottish Academy is granted its Royal charter.
- Floors Castle is remodelled in Scottish Baronial style by William Henry Playfair for James Innes-Ker, 6th Duke of Roxburghe.
- 13 January – William Miller, Free Church missionary and educationalist (died 1923)
- 29 January – David Gray, poet (died 1861)
- 22 February – John Joseph Jolly Kyle, chemist in Argentina (died 1922 in Buenos Aires)
- 14 March – Robert Flint, Theologian and philosopher (died 1910)
- 25 March – William Wedderburn, civil servant in India (died 1918 in England)
- 26 March – Alexander Crum Brown, organic chemist (died 1922)
- 21 April – John Muir, conservationist (died 1914 in the United States)
- 17 May – William Esson, mathematician (died 1916 in England)
- 6 June – Thomas Blake Glover, merchant (died 1911 in Japan)
- 6 July – Thomas John MacLagan, doctor and pharmacologist (died 1903)
- 7 July – Thomas Davidson, poet (died 1870)
- 22 July – John McLagan, newspaper publisher (died 1901 in Canada)
- 6 August – Walter Shirlaw, artist in the United States (died 1909 in Spain)
- 3 September – David Bowman, botanist (died 1868 in Colombia)
- 4 September – William Gibson Sloan, Plymouth Brethren evangelist (died 1914 in the Faroe Islands)
- 6 September – George Ashdown Audsley, architect, artist, illustrator, writer, decorator and pipe organ designer (died 1925 in the United States)
- 9 September – Thomas Barker, mathematician (died 1907 in England)
- 10 October – William M'Intosh, physician and marine zoologist (died 1931)
- 16 October – John Smart, landscape painter (died 1899)
- 2 November – James Dykes Campbell, merchant and writer (died 1895)
- 4 November – Andrew Martin Fairbairn, theologian (died 1912 in England)
- 18 November – William Keith, landscape painter in California (died 1911 in the United States)
- John Firth, Orcadian folklorist (died 1922)
- Alexander Mackenzie, historian, author, magazine editor and politician (died 1898)
- Samuel McGaw recipient of the Victoria Cross, during the First Ashanti Expedition (died in 1878)
- Bruce James Talbert, interior designer (died 1881 in England)
- 30 March – Thomas Balfour, politician (born 1810)
- 12 July – John Jamieson, lexicographer (born 1759)
- 27 July – David Hume, advocate (born 1757)
- 1 October – Charles Tennant, chemist and industrialist (born 1768)
- 7 November – Anne Grant, poet and author (born 1755)
- 16 November – Robert Cutlar Fergusson, lawyer and politician (born 1768)
- 31 August – scene painter David Roberts sets sail for Egypt to produce a series of drawings of the region for use as the basis for paintings and chromolithographs.
- November – Johann Strauss I and his orchestra visit Edinburgh and Glasgow.
- Alexander and John Bethune publish Tales and Sketches of the Scottish Peasantry.
- Wilson, Alexander (1970). The Chartist Movement in Scotland. Manchester University Press. ISBN 071900411X.
- "Chronology of Scottish History". A Timeline of Scottish History. Rampant Scotland. Retrieved 14 May 2014.
- "Steamship Curaçao". Archived from the original on 24 December 2010. Retrieved 2 February 2011.
- "Where History Happened: Chartism". History Extra. BBC. 12 May 2010. Retrieved 7 July 2014.
- "May 21st – 21/5/1838 – Elizabeth Jeffrey – Carluke, Lanarkshire". Victorian Hangings. London: True Crime Library. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 16 June 2014.
- Napier, James (1904). "VI. Admiralty". The Life of Robert Napier of West Shandon. Edinburgh. Retrieved 15 March 2016.
- "Edinburgh & Glasgow Railway". Engineering Timelines. Retrieved 14 May 2014.
- Girouard, Mark (1981). The Return to Camelot: Chivalry and the English Gentleman. New Haven: Yale University Press. p. 92.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- "Glen Ord Scotch Whisky Distillery". ScotchWhisky.net. Retrieved 14 May 2014.
- Fleet, Christopher; Withers, Charles W. J. "Ordnance Survey Maps - Six-inch 1st edition, Scotland, 1843-1882: A Scottish paper landscape". National Library of Scotland. Retrieved 5 September 2014.
- Cox, Michael, ed. (2004). The Concise Oxford Chronology of English Literature. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-860634-6.