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This article is about the particular significance of the year 1840 to Wales and its people.
- January 1 - Trial of Chartists John Frost, Zephaniah Williams and William Jones for their part in the Newport Rising of 1839 opens at Monmouth before Chief Justice Tindal. This is the first trial where proceedings are recorded in shorthand.
- January 16 - Frost, Williams and Jones are all found guilty of high treason for their part in the Chartist riots, and are sentenced to death - the last time the sentence of hanging, drawing and quartering is passed in the United Kingdom, although it is commuted to transportation.
- June 5 - Joseph Brown is appointed Vicar Apostolic of the Roman Catholic District of Wales, being consecrated as a bishop on 28 October.
- October 8 - Taff Vale Railway is officially opened, the first steam-worked passenger railway in Wales, running from Cardiff docks to Navigation House at Abercynon via the Cardiff station known in modern days as Queen Street. Public service begins the following day.
- October 30 - First branch of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Wales formed in Flintshire.
- November 18 - The paddle steamer City of Bristol is wrecked at Llangennith, Gower, drowning about 22 people.
- Approximate date - Rebuilding of Gregynog Hall with extensive use of concrete begins.
Arts and literature
- February 7 - Charles Warren, military and police officer and archaeologist (died 1927)
- February 26 - John Cynddylan Jones, theologian (died 1930)
- April 14 - Evan Jones (Gurnos), poet and musician (died 1903)
- June 21 - Sir John Rhŷs, educationist (died 1915)
- September 16 - Alfred Thomas, 1st Baron Pontypridd (died 1927)
- November 29 - Rhoda Broughton, novelist (died 1920)
- December 3 - Francis Kilvert, diarist (died 1879)
- December 5 - John E. Jones, governor of Nevada (died 1896)
- December 17 - Matthew Vaughan-Davies, 1st Baron Ystwyth, politician (died 1935)
- December 24 - Jabez Edmund Jenkins, poet (died 1903)
- ^ Barrie, D. S. (1950). The Taff Vale Railway. Oakwood Press.
- ^ "Wales". Retrieved 2014-06-10.