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The estimated population of New Zealand at the end of 1841 is 78,400 Māori and 5000 non-Māori.
Regal and viceregal
Government and law
- Chief Justice — William Martin is appointed the first Chief Justice of New Zealand on 5 February but does not arrive in New Zealand until August.
- 31 March: The William Bryan arrives at Taranaki from Plymouth bearing 148 settlers to found New Plymouth.
- March — Captain Rhodes builds the first wharf in Wellington, in front of his store on the Wellington waterfront.
- 3 May: In anticipation of the Great Charter coming into force, William Hobson is sworn in as Governor of New Zealand.
- 1 July: Colony of New Zealand comes into existence, a separate Crown colony from New South Wales.
- 10 July: The New Zealand Herald and Auckland Gazette begins publication. The newspaper lasts less than a year.
- 27 September: Foundation of a school for Catholic boys, the first school in Auckland.
- 8 November: The Auckland Chronicle and New Zealand Colonist begins publishing. It continues with some gaps until 1845.
- — The Auckland Town Plate is contested at Epsom Downs. A committee of army officers and townspeople forms to control racing in Auckland (Epsom). (see also 1849).
- January — The first sailing regatta in the country is held as part of Anniversary celebrations in Wellington.
- Unknown date
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- ^ Statistics New Zealand has collated estimates from a number of sources (interpolating where necessary) at "Long-term data series". Archived from the original on 2008-03-05. Retrieved 2008-03-14., in particular "A1.1 Total population.xls". Archived from the original (Excel) on 2008-03-05. Retrieved 2008-03-14.
- ^ "Plymouths around the world". Plymouth City Council. Archived from the original on 17 May 2008. Retrieved 17 May 2008.
- ^ New Zealand Electronic Text Centre: The Exchange
- ^ New Zealand Electronic Text Centre: Early Wellington
- ^ "Chapter 2: Early Statistical Sources — 19th Century" (PDF). Statistical publications 1840–2000. Statistics New Zealand. p. 12. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 November 2007.
- ^ A. G Butchers, Young New Zealand, Coulls Somerville Wilkie Ltd, Dunedin, 1929, pp. 124 - 126.
- ^ "Auckland's First Catholic School - And its Latest", Zealandia, Thursday, 26 January 1939, p. 5
- ^ E.R. Simmons, In Cruce Salus, A History of the Diocese of Auckland 1848 - 1980, Catholic Publication Centre, Auckland 1982, pp. 53 and 54.
- ^ "Chapter 2: Early Statistical Sources — 19th Century" (PDF). Statistical Publications 1840–2000. Statistics New Zealand. p. 11. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 November 2007.
- ^ Dunmore, Patricia (ed.) (1977). The Dunmore Book of New Zealand Records. p. 21. ISBN 0-908564-08-2.
- ^ a b c d Todd, S. (1976) Sporting Records of New Zealand. Auckland: Moa Publications. ISBN 0-908570-00-7
- ^ Biographies of former speakers - NZ Parliament