From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Events from the year 1841 in the United Kingdom.
- 20 January — Convention of Chuenpee agreed between Charles Elliot and Qishan of the Qing dynasty.
- 26 January — The United Kingdom formally occupies Hong Kong.
- 27 January — The active volcano Mount Erebus in Antarctica is discovered and named by James Clark Ross.
- 28 January — Ross discovers the "Victoria Barrier", later known as the Ross Ice Shelf.
- February — H. Fox Talbot obtains a patent for the calotype process in photography.
- 10 February — Penny Red postage stamp replaces the Penny Black.
- 20 February — The Governor Fenner, carrying emigrants to America, sinks off Holyhead with the loss of 123 lives.
- 1 March — Opening throughout of the Manchester and Leeds Railway, the first to cross the Pennines.
- 4 March — First performance of Dion Boucicault's comedy London Assurance, presented by Charles Mathews at the Theatre Royal, Covent Garden.
- 3 May — New Zealand becomes a British colony.
- 6 June (Sunday)
- 7 June — Lord Melbourne loses a vote of no confidence against his government.
- 21 June — St. Chad's Cathedral, Birmingham, dedicated as a Roman Catholic church.
- 29 June–22 July — General election: Sir Robert Peel's Conservatives take control of the House of Commons.
- 30 June — Great Western Railway completed throughout between London and Bristol.
- 5 July — Thomas Cook arranges his first excursion, taking 570 temperance campaigners on the Midland Counties Railway from Leicester to a rally in Loughborough.
- 17 July — First edition of the humorous magazine Punch published.
- 26 July — The proprietors of The Skerries Lighthouse off Anglesey, the last privately owned light in the British Isles, are awarded £444,984 in compensation for its sale to Trinity House.
- 28 August — Melbourne resigns as Prime Minister; replaced by Robert Peel.
- 2 September — Reconsecration of Leeds Parish Church after reconstruction.
- 21 September — The London and Brighton Railway is opened throughout.
- 24 September — United Kingdom annexes Sarawak from Brunei; James Brooke is appointed rajah.
- 30 October — A fire at the Tower of London destroys its Grand Armoury and causes a quarter of a million pounds worth of damage.
- 13 November — Surgeon James Braid attends his first demonstration of animal magnetism, which leads to his study of the subject he eventually calls hypnotism.
- 23 December — First Anglo-Afghan War: At a meeting with the Afghan general Akbar Khan, the diplomat Sir William Hay Macnaghten is shot dead at close quarters.
- ^ Ross, Voyage to the Southern Seas, 1, pp. 216–8.
- ^ The Hutchinson Factfinder. Helicon. 1999. ISBN 1-85986-000-1.
- ^ Blake, Richard. The Book of Postal Dates, 1635–1985. Caterham: Marden. p. 10.
- ^ Marshall, John (1969). The Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway, vol. 1. Newton Abbot: David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-4352-1.
- ^ a b c Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- ^ Bonham, Valerie (2004). "Hughes, Marian Rebecca (1817–1912)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2010-11-26.
- ^ Stanton, Phoebe. Pugin. pp. 557–66.
- ^ Body, Geoffrey (1985). Western Handbook – a digest of GWR and WR data. Weston-super-Mare: British Rail (Western). ISBN 0-905466-70-5.
- ^ Derby Railway History Research Group (1989). The Midland Counties Railway. Gwernymynydd: Railway and Canal Historical Society. ISBN 0-901461-11-3.
- ^ Spielmann, Marion Harry (1895). The History of "Punch". p. 27.
- ^ Thorpe, Trefor. "Between a rock and a wet place". Cadw. Retrieved 2011-02-23.
- ^ a b c Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 264–266. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- ^ "History". Leeds Parish Church. Retrieved 2011-05-04.
- ^ Turner, J. T. Howard (1977). The London, Brighton and South Coast Railway: 1, Origins and Formation. London: Batsford. ISBN 0-7134-0275-X.
- ^ Weinreb, Ben; Hibbert, Christopher (1995). The London Encyclopaedia. Macmillan. p. 287. ISBN 0-333-57688-8.
- ^ Leavis, Q.D. (1965). Fiction and the Reading Public (2nd ed.). London: Chatto & Windus.
- ^ "The Jewish Chronicle and Anglo-Jewry, 1841–1991". Cambridge University Press.