1841 in the United States
|1841 in the United States|
26 stars (1837–45)
|Timeline of United States history|
|History of the United States (1789–1849)|
Events from the year 1841 in the United States.
- Vice President:
- Chief Justice: Roger B. Taney (Maryland)
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter (W-Virginia) (until March 4), John White (W-Kentucky) (starting May 31)
- Congress: 26th (until March 4), 27th (starting March 4)
- January 30 – A fire destroys 300 of the 500 housing units in Mayagüez, Puerto Rico.
- February 18–March 11 – First ongoing filibuster in the United States Senate.
- March 4 – Martin Van Buren is succeeded as President of the United States by William Henry Harrison.
- March 9 – Amistad: The Supreme Court of the United States rules in the case that the Africans who seized control of the ship had been taken into slavery illegally.
- April 4 – President William Henry Harrison dies of pneumonia, becoming the first President of the United States to die in office and at one month, the president with the shortest term served. He is succeeded by Vice President John Tyler, who becomes the tenth President of the United States.
- April 6 – President John Tyler is sworn in.
- April 20 – Edgar Allan Poe's short story "The Murders in the Rue Morgue" is published in Graham's Magazine (Philadelphia) (of which he became editor in February). The story will be recognized as the first significant work of detective fiction.
- June 21 – Fordham University is opened in The Bronx by the Society of Jesus as St. John's College.
- July 28 – Mary Rogers, the "Beautiful Cigar Girl", is found murdered in New York City.
- August 16 – U.S. President John Tyler vetoes a bill which called for the re-establishment of the Second Bank of the United States. Enraged Whig Party members riot outside the White House in the most violent demonstration on White House grounds in U.S. history.
- September 17 – John C. Colt murders Samuel Adams in an argument over a business debt in New York City.
- c. November – The city of Dallas in Texas is founded by John Neely Bryan.
- Frederick Douglass speaks at the Massachusetts Anti-slavery Society Convention.
- Iconic chocolate company Whitman's is established when Stephen F. Whitman opens a small retail "confectionery and fruiterer shop" at Third and Market Streets in Philadelphia.
- P. T. Barnum purchases Scudder's American Museum in New York City.
- The first steam self-propelled fire engine in the U.S. is completed by Paul Rapsey Hodge for use in New York City.
- Second Seminole War (1835–1842)
- March 1 – Blanche Bruce, U.S. Senator from Mississippi from 1875 to 1881 (died 1898)
- March 10 – Ina Coolbrith, poet (died 1928)
- May 10 – James Gordon Bennett, Jr., newspaper publisher (died 1918)
- May 15
- June 1 – Edward Lyon Buchwalter, businessman (died 1933)
- July 5 – Mary Arthur McElroy, de facto First Lady of the United States from 1881 to 1885 (died 1917)
- September 8 – Charles J. Guiteau, assassin of President James A. Garfield (executed 1882)
- October 12 – Joseph O'Dwyer, physician (died 1898)
- October 18 – Bishop W. Perkins, U.S. Senator from Kansas from 1892 to 1893 (died 1894)
- October 29 – William Harris, U.S. Senator from Kansas from 1897 to 1903 (died 1909)
- November 6 – Nelson W. Aldrich, U.S. Senator from Rhode Island from 1881 to 1911 (died 1915)
- November 13 – Edward Burd Grubb, Jr., American Civil War Union Brevet Brigadier General (died 1913)
- December 8 – Thomas R. Bard, U.S. Senator from California from 1900 to 1905 (died 1915)
- February 25 – Philip Pendleton Barbour, Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court from 1836 to 1841 (born 1783)
- April 4 – William Henry Harrison, ninth President of the United States from March to April 1841 (born 1773)
- September 25 – John Chandler, politician (born 1762)
- October 21 – John Forsyth, U.S. Senator from Georgia from 1818 to 1819 and 1829 to 1834 (born 1780)
- Media related to 1841 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons