1845 in Australia
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- Governor of New South Wales - Sir George Gipps
- Governor of South Australia - Sir George Grey (to 25 October), then Lieutenant Colonel Frederick Holt Robe
- Governor of Tasmania - Sir John Eardley-Wilmot
- Governor of Western Australia as a Crown Colony - John Hutt.
- 12 March - St John the Baptist Church in Reid Canberra is consecrated.
- 4 August - The ship Cataraqui is wrecked off the coast of Tasmania, the 406 people on board drown.
- 20 July - Charles Sturt enters the Simpson Desert in central Australia.
- 21 June - News of the discovery of a rich body of copper ore at Burra, South Australia is published in Adelaide newspapers.
- 17 December - Ludwig Leichhardt arrives at Port Essington, Northern Territory, after an overland journey of 4800 km from Jimbour on the Darling Downs.
- Wool export in Australia - 24 million pounds.
- 25 February - George Reid, fourth Prime Minister of Australia (died 1918)
- 15 April - Dave Gregory, Australian cricketer (died 1919)
- 16 June - William Charles Kernot, engineer
- 21 June - Samuel Griffith, politician and judge
- Maybanke Anderson
- William Farrer
- Ernest Favenc
- Walter Howchin
- Victor Villiers
- J.C. Williamson
- Cameron, Angus, ed. (1985). "Part One: Facts and Figures: An Australian Historical Chronology". The Australian Almanac: 800 Pages Crammed with Australian and World Facts: Politics, the Arts, Geography, History and Much More. North Ryde, NSW: Angus & Robertson. p. 12. ISBN 0-207-15108-3.
- "Prime Facts 19: Prime Ministers of Australia" (PDF). Australian Prime Ministers Centre. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 September 2012. Retrieved 23 February 2013.
- "Noted Cricketer Dead". The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954). National Library of Australia. 5 August 1919. p. 7. Retrieved 23 February 2013.
- Murray-Smith, S. (1974). "Kernot, William Charles (1845–1909)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. 5. Melbourne University Press. pp. 20–22. Retrieved 23 February 2013.