From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Events from the year
1845 in the United Kingdom.
Incumbents [ edit ]
3 January — First known arrest of a fugitive achieved through use of the then new
electric telegraph when John Tawell is arrested after being followed by a detective alerted prior to Tawell's arrival at London Paddington station. 7 February — In the
British Museum, a drunken visitor smashes the Portland Vase which takes months to repair. [1 ] 11 March —
Flagstaff War: Chiefs Kawiti and Hone Heke lead 700 Māori people in the burning of the British colonial settlement of Kororareka, later known as Russell, New Zealand. 15 March — First
University Boat Race to use the present Putney to Mortlake course (albeit in the reverse direction to that used today). [2 ] 17 March —
Stephen Perry patents the rubber band. [3 ] 26 March — Sisterhood of the Holy Cross ('Park Village Community') established as the first
Anglican sisterhood, to minister to the poor of St Pancras, London. [4 ] 1 May — First cricket match to be played at the
Kennington Oval. [2 ] 2 May —
Suspension bridge at Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, collapses: 79 killed. [5 ] 19 May —
HMS and Erebus HMS with 134 men, comprising Sir Terror John Franklin's expedition to find the Northwest Passage, sail from Greenhithe on the Thames. They will last be seen in August entering Baffin Bay. [6 ] 20 May — The last fatal duel between Englishmen on English soil takes place near
Gosport. [7 ] James Alexander Seton is shot and dies twelve days later from his wound. His opponent, Royal Marine Lieutenant Charles Lawes Pym, is tried for murder a year later, but acquitted. 21 July — An unprecedented number of railway acts receive
Royal Assent from Queen Victoria as the railway mania approaches its peak, Parliament having sanctioned 2,816 mi (4,532 km) of new construction. [8 ] 26 July–10 August —
Isambard Kingdom Brunel’s iron steamship SS makes the Great Britain Transatlantic Crossing from Liverpool to New York, the first screw propelled vessel to make the passage. [9 ] [10 ] 31 July —
Jews are permitted to hold certain municipal offices. 9 August —
Aberdeen Act instructing the Royal Navy to counter the Brazilian slave trade, signed. 9 September —
Potato blight breaks out in Ireland: beginning of the [2 ] Great Famine. 18 September —
Anglo-French blockade of the Río de la Plata formally declared. September — First students admitted to the
Royal Agricultural College, Cirencester, the first agricultural college in the English-speaking world. [11 ] 9 October — The eminent and controversial
Anglican, John Henry Newman, is received into the Roman Catholic Church. 31 October–1 November — An emergency meeting of the
Cabinet (summoned on 15 October by Sir Robert Peel, the Prime Minister) votes against Peel on the distribution of famine relief in Ireland, considering it would call the Corn Laws into question. [12 ] [13 ] 9–10 November — Peel orders the secret purchase of £100,000 worth of
maize and meal from the United States for distribution in Ireland. [12 ] [14 ] [15 ] 20 November — Anglo-French blockade of the Río de la Plata:
Battle of Vuelta de Obligado: the Anglo-French fleet narrowly defeats the Argentine Confederation on the waters of the Paraná River but Argentina attracts political support in South America. 5 December — Unable to persuade his Cabinet to repeal the Corn Laws in the face of the Great Famine in Ireland, Peel tenders his resignation as Prime Minister
to the Queen but is reinstated days later when [14 ] Lord John Russell is unable to form a government. [12 ] 22–23 December —
First Anglo-Sikh War: British forces defeat Sikhs at Battle of Ferozeshah in Punjab. [16 ] 30 December —
Queen's Colleges of Belfast, Cork and Galway are incorporated in Ireland.
Undated [ edit ]
Publications [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ Chambers, Robert. "7 February". . The Book of Days Archived from the original on 5 July 2008 . Retrieved . 2008-05-23
^ a b c Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 267–268. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
^ Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
^ Mumm, Susan (1999). Stolen Daughters, Virgin Mothers: Anglican Sisterhoods in Victorian Britain. Leicester University Press. p. 6. ISBN 0-7185-0151-9.
^ "The Great Yarmouth Suspension Bridge Disaster — May 2nd 1845" (PDF). Broadland Memories . Retrieved . 2010-10-14
^ The Hutchinson Factfinder. Helicon. 1999. p. 549. ISBN 1-85986-000-1.
^ Jenkins, Bob. "The Last Duel in England". Portsmouth Now & Then . Retrieved . 2010-09-20
^ Lewin, Henry Grote (1936). The Railway Mania and its aftermath, 1845–1852. London: Railway Gazette.
^ Fox, Stephen (2003). Transatlantic: Samuel Cunard, Isambard Brunel, and the Great Atlantic Steamships. HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-06-019595-3.
^ ". Great Britain" The Ships List . Retrieved . 2010-10-01
^ Sayce, R. B. (1992). The History of the Royal Agricultural College, Cirencester. Stroud: Sutton. p. ix. ISBN 0-7509-0178-0.
^ a b c Woodham-Smith, Cecil (1962). The Great Hunger: Ireland 1845-9. pp. 50–7.
^ Ó Gráda, Cormac (2006). Ireland's Great Famine: Interdisciplinary Perspectives. University College Dublin Press. pp. 7–15. ISBN 1-904558-57-7.
^ a b Kinealy, Christine (1994). This Great Calamity: The Irish Famine 1845-52. Dublin: Gill & Macmillan. pp. 37–46. ISBN 0-7171-1832-0.
^ Donnelly, James S., Jr (2005). The Great Irish Potato Famine. Stroud: Sutton Publishing. p. 49. ISBN 0-7509-2928-6.
^ Cates, William L. R. (1863). The Pocket Date Book. Chapman and Hall.
^ Haralambous, Yannis; Horne, P. Scott (2007). Fonts & Encodings. O'Reilly. p. 397. ISBN 0-596-10242-9.