C. J. van Houten|
I. van Houten-G.
|Discovery site||Palomar Obs.|
|Discovery date||24 September 1960|
|MPC designation||(1846) Bengt|
6553 P-L · 1951 CW1|
|main-belt · (inner)|
|Orbital characteristics |
|Epoch 4 September 2017 (JD 2458000.5)|
|Uncertainty parameter 0|
|Observation arc||58.66 yr (21,424 days)|
|3.58 yr (1,306 days)|
|0° 16m 32.16s / day|
|Dimensions||±0.080 km 10.998|
1846 Bengt, provisional designation 6553 P-L, is a dark asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 11 kilometers in diameter. Discovered by the Palomar–Leiden survey in 1960, it was named for Danish astronomer Bengt Strömgren.
Bengt was discovered on 24 September 1960, by Dutch astronomer couple Ingrid and Cornelis van Houten in collaboration with Tom Gehrels, who took the photographic plates at Palomar Observatory in California.
The survey designation "P-L" stands for Palomar–Leiden, named after Palomar Observatory and Leiden Observatory, which collaborated on the fruitful Palomar–Leiden survey in the 1960s. Gehrels used Palomar's Samuel Oschin telescope (also known as the 48-inch Schmidt Telescope), and shipped the photographic plates to Ingrid and Cornelis van Houten at Leiden Observatory where astrometry was carried out. The trio are credited with several thousand asteroid discoveries.
The asteroid was first identified as 1951 CW1 at McDonald Observatory in 1951. The observation arc starts 3 years prior to its official discovery observation, with its first used identification 1957 YP made at Goethe Link Observatory in 1957.
Orbit and classification
Bengt orbits the Sun in the inner main-belt at a distance of 2.0–2.7 AU once every 3 years and 7 months (1,306 days). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.14 and an inclination of 3° with respect to the ecliptic.
Based on preliminary results by NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer with its subsequent NEOWISE mission, Bengt measures 10.998 kilometers in diameter and its surface has an albedo of 0.047, which is typical for carbonaceous C-type asteroids. As of 2017, no rotational lightcurve has been obtained.
This minor planet was named after renowned Danish astronomer Bengt Strömgren (1908–1987), on the occasion of his 70th birthday. He was an authority in the field of stellar structure and stellar evolution, director of the Yerkes Observatory from 1951 to 1957, and president of the International Astronomical Union (1970–1973). The official naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center before November 1977 (M.P.C. 4547).
- "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 1846 Bengt (6553 P-L)" (2016-08-23 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
- Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (1846) Bengt. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 148. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
- Masiero, Joseph R.; Mainzer, A. K.; Grav, T.; Bauer, J. M.; Cutri, R. M.; Dailey, J.; et al. (November 2011). "Main Belt Asteroids with WISE/NEOWISE. I. Preliminary Albedos and Diameters". The Astrophysical Journal. 741 (2): 20. arXiv: . Bibcode:2011ApJ...741...68M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/741/2/68. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
- "1846 Bengt (6553 P-L)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
- "Minor Planet Discoverers". Minor Planet Center. 24 April 2016. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
- "LCDB Data for (1846) Bengt". Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved 29 March 2017.
- "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
- Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB), query form (info)
- Dictionary of Minor Planet Names, Google books
- Asteroids and comets rotation curves, CdR – Observatoire de Genève, Raoul Behrend
- Discovery Circumstances: Numbered Minor Planets (1)-(5000) – Minor Planet Center
- 1846 Bengt at the JPL Small-Body Database