From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Events from the year
1847 in the United Kingdom.
Incumbents [ edit ]
16 September: Shakespeare's birthplace is bought for preservation
1 January – Britain's first
Medical Officer of Health is appointed, Dr. William Henry Duncan in Liverpool. [1 ] 14 January – All thirteen members of the
Point of Ayr life-boat crew are drowned when it capsizes off Rhyl. 5 March – An
explosion at The Oaks in the Barnsley seam in Yorkshire kills 73 men and boys. [2 ] 15 March – New system of
county courts, with 60 judicial circuits and 491 courts, comes into operation in England and Wales under terms of the County Courts Act (28 August 1846). [3 ] 5 April – The world's first civic
public park, Birkenhead Park in Birkenhead, Merseyside is opened. [4 ] 25 April – The
brig Exmouth carrying emigrants from Derry bound for Quebec is wrecked off Islay with only three survivors from more than 250 on board. [5 ] [6 ] May – The
Architectural Association School of Architecture is founded in London. 24 May – The
Dee bridge disaster: a cast iron girder bridge across the river Dee at Chester, designed by Robert Stephenson for the Chester and Holyhead Railway, collapses under a Shrewsbury and Chester Railway train with five fatalities. [7 ] June – E.H. Booth & Co. Ltd, which becomes the
Northern England supermarket chain Booths, is founded when 19-year-old tea dealer Edwin Henry Booth opens a shop called "The China House" in Blackpool. 8 June –
Factory Act establishes a maximum 10-hour working day for women, and for boys aged 13–18. [8 ] 1 July – Publication of
Reports of the Commissioners of Enquiry into the state of Education in Wales containing opinions hostile to Welsh culture, hence known in Wales as the " Treachery of the Blue Books". 9 August – The
Whig Party under Lord John Russell wins the general election. 13 August –
John Russell Hind makes the first British discovery of an asteroid, from London, 7 Iris. On 18 October he discovers 8 Flora. 16 September
30 September – The
Vegetarian Society is formed. It remains the oldest in the world. November –
Henry Francis Lyte writes the hymn at Abide with Me Brixham. 4–8 November –
James Young Simpson discovers the anaesthetic properties of chloroform and first uses it, successfully, on a patient, in an obstetric case in Edinburgh. [12 ] [13 ]
Undated [ edit ]
Publications [ edit ]
9 February –
Hugh Price Hughes, theologian and social reformer (died 1902) 3 March –
Alexander Graham Bell, Scottish-born inventor (died 1922) 7 May –
Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (died 1929) 11 June –
Millicent Fawcett, suffragist and feminist (died 1929) 1 October –
Annie Besant, née Wood, Theosophist, social and political campaigner and feminist (died 1933) 8 November –
Bram Stoker, novelist (died 1912) 7 December –
George Grossmith, actor and comic writer (died 1912)
References [ edit ]
^ Halliday, S. (2003). " Duncan of Liverpool: Britain's first Medical Officer". Journal of Medical Biography 11 (3): 142–149. PMID 12870037.
^ Duckham, Helen; Baron (1973). Great Pit Disasters: Great Britain 1700 to the present day. Newton Abbot: David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-5717-4.
^ Polden, Patrick (1999). A History of the County Court, 1846–1971. Cambridge University Press. p. 38. ISBN 978-0-521-62232-5.
^ "The History of Birkenhead Park" . Retrieved . 13 September 2007
^ "The Exmouth – a terrible tragedy on Islay". Isle of Islay. 2011.
^ "The Exmouth shipwreck off the Antrim Coast, Northern Ireland". My Secret Northern Ireland.
^ Lewis, Peter R. (2007). Disaster on the Dee: Robert Stephenson's Nemesis of 1847. Stroud: Tempus Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7524-4266-2.
^ Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 269–270. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
^ Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
^ Marles, H. (1865). . London: Tweedies. pp. 213–219 The Life and Labours of the Rev. Jabez Tunnicliff, Minister of the Gospel at Call Lane Chapel, Leeds, and Founder of the Band of Hope in England, obtained from authentic documents, chiefly records made by himself . Retrieved . 7 May 2013
^ Brownlee, Nick (2002). This is Alcohol. p. 99.
^ First communicated to the Medico-Chirurgical Society of Edinburgh, 10 November, and published in a pamphlet, Notice of a New Anæsthetic Agent, in Edinburgh, 12 November.
^ Gordon, H. Laing (2002). . Minerva Group, Inc. Sir James Young Simpson and Chloroform (1811–1870) ISBN 978-1-4102-0291-8 . Retrieved . 11 November 2011
^ Moody, T.W.; Martin, F.X., ed. (1967). The Course of Irish History. Cork: Mercier Press. p. 376.
^ Kinealy, Christine (1994). This Great Calamity: The Irish Famine 1845–52. Dublin: Gill & Macmillan. ISBN 0-7171-1832-0.
^ Cates, William L. R. (1863). The Pocket Date Book. Chapman and Hall.
^ a b "Icons, a portrait of England 1840–1860". Archived from the original on 17 August 2007 . Retrieved . 13 September 2007
See also [ edit ]