1847 in the United States
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|1847 in the United States|
29 stars (1847–48)
|Timeline of United States history|
|History of the United States (1789–1849)|
Events from the year 1847 in the United States.
- President: James K. Polk (D-Tennessee)
- Vice President: George M. Dallas (D-Pennsylvania)
- Chief Justice: Roger B. Taney (Maryland)
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: John Wesley Davis (D-Indiana) (until March 4), Robert Charles Winthrop (W-Massachusetts) (starting December 6)
- Congress: 29th (until March 4), 30th (starting March 4)
- January 4 – Samuel Colt sells his first revolver pistol to the U.S government.
- January 13 – The Treaty of Cahuenga ends the fighting in the Mexican-American War in California.
- January 16 – John C. Fremont is appointed Governor of the new California Territory.
- January 17 – Saint Anthony Hall is founded at Columbia University, New York City, New York.
- January 30 – Yerba Buena, California is renamed San Francisco, California.
- February 5 – A rescue effort, called the First Relief, leaves Johnson's Ranch to save the ill-fated Donner Party. These California bound emigrants became snowbound in the Sierra Nevada in the winter of 1846–1847, and some had resorted to cannibalism to survive.
- February 22 – Mexican-American War – The Battle of Buena Vista: 5,000 American troops under General Zachary Taylor use their superiority in artillery to drive off 15,000 Mexican troops under Antonio López de Santa Anna, defeating the Mexicans the next day.
- March 1 – The state of Michigan formally abolishes the death penalty.
- March 9 – Mexican-American War: United States forces under General Winfield Scott invade Mexico near Veracruz.
- March 29 – Mexican-American War: United States forces led by General Winfield Scott take Veracruz after a siege.
- May 7 – In Philadelphia, the American Medical Association (AMA) is founded.
- June 1 – Zeta Psi Fraternity of North America is founded at New York University.
- July 1 – The United States issues its first postage stamps, featuring George Washington and Benjamin Franklin.
- July 24 – After 17 months of travel, Brigham Young leads 148 Mormon pioneers into Salt Lake Valley, resulting in the establishment of Salt Lake City.
- July 29 – The Cumberland School of Law is founded at Cumberland University in Lebanon, Tennessee. At the end of 1847 only 15 law schools exist in the United States.
- August 12 – U.S. troops of General Winfield Scott begin to advance along the aqueduct around Lake Chalco and Lake Xochimilco in Mexico
- August 20 – US troops defeat Mexican troops in Valencia, Mexico
- October 31 – Theta Delta Chi is founded as a social fraternity at Union College, Schenectady, New York.
- November 29 – The Whitman massacre: Dr. Marcus Whitman, his wife Narcissa, and eleven others are killed in the Oregon Country by Cayuse and Umatilla Indians, starting the Cayuse War.
- The North Carolina General Assembly incorporates the railroad town of Goldsborough, and the Wayne county seat is moved to the new town.
- Mexican–American War (1846–1848)
- January 28 – William V. Allen, United States Senator from Nebraska from 1893 till 1899. (died 1924)
- February 11 – Thomas A. Edison, American Inventor and Businessman. (died 1931)
- March 13 – Francis S. White, United States Senator from Alabama from 1914 till 1915. (died 1922)
- March 18 – William O'Connell Bradley, United States Senator from Kentucky from 1895 till 1899. (died 1914)
- March 29 – John D. Works, United States Senator from California from 1911 till 1917. (died 1928)
- June 8 – Ida Saxton McKinley, wife of William McKinley, First Lady of the United States, (died 1907)
- September 5 – Jesse James, American outlaw, guerrilla, gang leader, bank robber, train robber, and murderer from Missouri. (died 1882)
- September 23 – Victoria Woodhull, American leader of the woman's suffrage movement (died 1927)
- September 30 – James Taliaferro, United States Senator from Florida from 1899 till 1911. (died 1934)
- May 1 – Jesse Speight, United States Senator from Mississippi from 1845 till 1847. (born 1795)
- July 22 – Henry W. Edwards, United States Senator from Connecticut from 1823 till 1838. (born 1779)
- August 6 – Henry M. Ridgely, United States Senator from Delaware from 1827 till 1829. (born 1779)
- November 1 – Jabez W. Huntington, United States Senator from Connecticut from 1840 till 1847. (born 1788)
- November 29 – Narcissa Whitman, pioneer missionary (born 1808)
- Media related to 1847 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons