1848 in Australia
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- Governor of New South Wales — Sir Charles Augustus FitzRoy
- Governor of South Australia — Lieutenant Colonel Frederick Holt Robe (to 2 August) then Sir Henry Fox Young
- Governor of Tasmania — Sir William Denison
- Governor of Western Australia as a Crown Colony — Lieutenant-Colonel Frederick Irwin.
- Letters Patent of Queen Victoria declaring Melbourne a city are read on the steps of St Peters, Eastern Hill church.
- 13 February — The first non-British ship carrying immigrants to arrive in Victoria was from Germany; the Goddefroy. Many of those on board were political refugees and known as Forty-Eighters.
- 3 April — Explorer Ludwig Leichhardt was last seen on the Darling Downs. On that date he wrote a letter from MacPherson's Station, Cogoon. Leichhardt had set off for Swan River.
- 11 March — The Savings Bank of South Australia opens with a single employee, trading from a room provided rent-free.
- 29 August — The Cape Otway lighthouse in Victoria is lit for the first time.
- 17 February — Louisa Lawson, writer, publisher and suffragette (died 1920)
- 24 February — Andrew Inglis Clark, Tasmanian politician (died 1907)
- John Langdon Bonython
- George Chaffey
- John Winthrop Hackett
- John Heaton
- Edward Hutton
- Alexander Leeper
- Alexander Macleay
- Walter Madden
- John Mather
- William Shiels
- Edward Stirling
- Cameron, Angus, ed. (1986). "Part One: Capital City Chronologies". The Second Australian Almanac: An 800-page Databank Crammed with Essential Information for Every Australian. North Ryde, NSW: Angus & Robertson. p. 29. ISBN 0-207-15232-2.
- "Poor Leichhardt". The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954). National Library of Australia. 14 July 1851. p. 2. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
- Cameron, Angus, ed. (1985). "Part One: Facts and Figures: An Australian Historical Chronology". The Australian Almanac: 800 Pages Crammed with Australian and World Facts: Politics, the Arts, Geography, History and Much More. North Ryde, NSW: Angus & Robertson. pp. 12–13. ISBN 0-207-15108-3.
- "Woman of Courage". The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842–1954). National Library of Australia. 12 March 1932. p. 9. Retrieved 24 February 2013.