1855 in rail transport
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|Years in rail transport|
This article lists events related to rail transport that occurred in 1855.
- January 8 - The first through train travels the entire distance from Chicago to the Ohio River at Cairo, Illinois.
- January 28 - The Panama Railway becomes the first railroad to connect the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean as the first train travels the entire transcontinental route across Panama.
- February 15 - The North Carolina General Assembly incorporates the Western North Carolina Railroad to build a rail line from Salisbury to the western part of the state.
- February 23 - The Hudson and Boston Railroad is chartered as the successor to the Hudson and Berkshire Railroad in New York.
- March - The Chicago, St. Paul and Fond du Lac Railroad, whose purchase formed the basis of the Chicago and North Western Railway, begins operations.
- March 12 - Desjardins Canal Bridge train disaster, Ontario, Canada: Ninety passengers boarded a train from Toronto, Ontario en route to Hamilton, Ontario. As the train approached its final destination, the bridge spanning the Desjardins Canal collapsed as the train derailed. 70 passengers died from trauma or drowning and exposure after being thrown into Cootes Paradise.
- April 5 - Opening of Boyne Viaduct at Drogheda by the Dublin and Belfast Junction Railway completes permanent through rail communication between the two principal cities of Ireland.
- July 21 - Beyer, Peacock and Company turn out the first locomotive to be completed at their new works in the Gorton district of Manchester, England, for the Great Western Railway.
- September 26 - In Australia the first section of the New South Wales Government Railways, from Sydney to Parramatta, is opened, on 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) gauge.
- November 1 - Gasconade Bridge train disaster, St. Louis, Missouri, United States: With more than 600 passengers aboard the Pacific Railroad excursion train celebrating the railway line's opening, outside St. Louis, Missouri the bridge collapsed and the locomotive plus 12 of the 13 attached cars plunged into the Gasconade River. Over 30 people died and hundreds were seriously injured.
- November 6 - Inverness and Nairn Railway opened in Scotland: precursor of the Highland Railway.
- November 20 - The first train to operate in Iowa on the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad departs Davenport for Muscatine with six crowded passenger cars.
- December - Rogers, Ketchum and Grosvenor completes a 4-4-0 steam locomotive named General; this locomotive will later become the main object in the Great Locomotive Chase of the American Civil War.
Unknown date events
- The Wilmington and Raleigh Railroad in North Carolina is reorganized as the Wilmington and Weldon Railroad.
- August 20 - Ira G. Rawn, vice president of operations for Illinois Central Railroad 1907-1909; president of Monon Railroad 1909-1910, is born (d. 1910).
- November 5 - Eugene V. Debs, labor leader, founding member of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen, founder of the American Railway Union, arrested during the Pullman strike in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1926).
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- Association of American Railroads (January 2005), This Month in Railroad History - January. Retrieved May 23, 2005.
- Cultures of the World: Panama. Tarrytown, NY: Marshall Cavendish Benchmark (published 2007). 1996. p. 20. ISBN 978-0-7614-2028-6. Retrieved January 28, 2010.
- "Railroad — Western North Carolina Railroad". North Carolina Business History. 2006. Retrieved 2013-05-09.
- Share, Bernard (ed.) (2005). Crossing the Boyne: the great Viaduct 1855–2005. Drogheda: Iarnród Éireann; Old Drogheda Society.
- Hanrahan, David C. (2011). The First Great Train Robbery. London: Robert Hale. ISBN 978-0-7090-9040-3.
- "Beyer Peacock". Retrieved 2010-01-21.
- Fenwick, Keith (2005). The Inverness and Nairn Railway. Cookham: Highland Railway Society.
- Rock Island Technical Society (1996). "A Brief Historical Overview of the Chicago, Rock Island, and Pacific Railroad". Archived from the original on January 7, 2006. Retrieved 2007-07-08.
- "I. G. Rawn Shot Dead; Suicide Suspected". New York Times. July 21, 1910. Retrieved November 22, 2013.