1859 in Canada

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Decades: 1820s 1830s 1840s 1850s 1860s 1870s 1880s
Years: 1856 1857 1858 1859 1860 1861 1862

Events from the year 1859 in Canada.


  • Abraham Shadd is elected to the town council in Raleigh, Ontario and becomes the first Black elected to public office.
  • William Hall, becomes the first Nova Scotian and the first Black to win the Victoria Cross.
  • The all-Black Victoria Pioneer Rifle Company is formed to defend British Columbia.
  • De Stoeckl returns to U.S. from Saint Petersburg with authority to negotiate the sale of Alaska.
  • McGowan's War, a juridical and political crisis in the Fraser River goldfields involving a spillover of San Francisco politics into British territory, has the potential to escalate into an annexationist uprising but is settled peaceably. Marines and Royal Engineers are dispatched to Yale, led by Colonel Clement Francis Moody and escorting Justice Matthew Baillie Begbie to resolve the matter, which ends amicably, and reassert British sovereignty over the fledgling Mainland Colony.
  • Lyman Cutlar, an American settler, homesteads on San Juan Island in defiance of British claims and triggers off the Pig War.

Full date unknown[edit]


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