1859 in architecture
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The year 1859 in architecture involved some significant architectural events and new buildings.
- September 7 - "Big Ben" in the clock tower of the Palace of Westminster in London completed by Sir Charles Barry to the designs of Augustus Pugin becomes fully operational.
- October 18 - New chapel at Exeter College, Oxford, designed by George Gilbert Scott, is dedicated.
- All Saints, Margaret Street, London, designed by William Butterfield, is completed.
- Red House in Bexleyheath, England designed by Philip Webb and William Morris.
- The Cooper Union for Advancement of Science and Art in New York City, founded by Peter Cooper is born with the completion of The Foundation Building, designed by Prussian-born architect and civil engineer Fred A. Petersen.
- Tennessee State Capitol in Nashville, Tennessee, United States, designed by William Strickland, is completed.
- Third Vermont State House designed by Thomas Silloway, in Montpelier, Vermont, United States, is completed.
- Needles Lighthouse on The Needles off the Isle of Wight, designed by James Walker, is built.
- Royal Gold Medal - George Gilbert Scott.
- Grand Prix de Rome, architecture: Charles Thierry and Louis Boitte.
- March 3 - Konstantīns Pēkšēns, Latvian architect (died 1928)
- August 7 - Fyodor Schechtel, Russian architect, graphic artist and stage designer (died 1926)
- September 13 - Anton Rosen, Danish architect, furniture designer and decorative artist (died 1928)
- November 29 - Cass Gilbert, American architect (died 1934)
- September 15 - Isambard Kingdom Brunel, English railway civil and marine engineer and bridge builder (born 1806; stroke)
- October 12 - Robert Stephenson, English railway civil and mechanical engineer (born 1803)
- date unknown - William Donthorne, English architect, one of the founders of what becomes the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) (born 1799)
- Shockley, Jay; Tunick, Susan (2005). "The Cooper Union Building and Architectural Terra Cotta". Winterthur Portfolio. 39 (4): 207–228.
- "Anton Rosen". Gyldendal. Retrieved 2010-07-23.
- Christen, Barbara S.; Flanders, Steven (2001). Cass Gilbert, Life and Work: Architect of the Public Domain. W.W. Norton. ISBN 0-393-73065-4.
- Skempton, A.; Rennison, Robert William; Cox-Humphreys, Rob (2002). Biographical Dictionary of Civil Engineers in Great Britain and Ireland v. 1 1500–1830. Thomas Telford Ltd. ISBN 0-7277-2939-X.