1860 in the United States
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|1860 in the United States|
33 stars (1859–1861)
|Timeline of United States history|
|History of the United States (1849–65)|
Events from the year 1860 in the United States.
- President: James Buchanan (D-Pennsylvania)
- Vice President: John C. Breckinridge (D-Kentucky)
- Chief Justice: Roger B. Taney (Maryland)
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: William Pennington (R-New Jersey)
- Congress: 36th
- January 10 – The Pemberton Mill collapses in Lawrence, Massachusetts, killing 145 workers.
- February 22 – The New England Shoemakers Strike of 1860 begins in Lynn, Massachusetts
- February 26 – 1860 Wiyot Massacre: 80 to 250 Wiyot people were killed on Indian Island, near Eureka, California.
- February 27 – Abraham Lincoln gives his Cooper Union speech.
- April 3 – The Pony Express begins its first run from Saint Joseph, Missouri to Sacramento, California.
- May 1 – A Chondrite type meteorite falls to earth in Muskingum County, Ohio near the town of New Concord.
- May 6 – The Paiute War begins as Northern Paiutes raided Williams Station in Utah Territory.
- May 9 – The U.S. Constitutional Union Party holds its convention and nominates John Bell for President of the United States.
- May 12 – Paiute War – First Battle of Pyramid Lake: American vigilantes seek out the Paiutes and are soundly defeated. Disorganized and outnumbered, nearly all of the vigilantes are killed or wounded.
- May 18 – Abraham Lincoln is selected as the U.S. presidential candidate for the Republican Party.
- June 2–4 – Paiute War – Second Battle of Pyramid Lake: A well-organized force of militia and U.S. Army soldiers seek out the Paiutes and defeat them in the final battle of the war.
- August – The Paiute War ends with an informal ceasefire.
- August 25 – The Stone's Prairie Riot takes place in Payson and Plainville, Illinois between the Republican Wide Awakes and armed Democratic supporters of Stephen A. Douglas.
- September 7 – The Lady Elgin is accidentally rammed and sunk in Lake Michigan; more than 400 drown.
- November 6 – U.S. presidential election: Abraham Lincoln beats John C. Breckinridge, Stephen A. Douglas, and John Bell and is elected as the 16th President of the United States, the first Republican to hold that office.
- December 18
- December 20 – South Carolina becomes the first state to secede from the United States.
- December 24 – South Carolina issues the "Declaration of the Immediate Causes Which Induce and Justify the Secession of South Carolina from the Federal Union", analogous to the United States Declaration of Independence.
- Augustana College is founded in Chicago, Illinois, United States by Swedish immigrants. The college moves to Paxton, Illinois, in 1862, and to its eventual home in Rock Island, Illinois, in 1875.
- Sedalia, Missouri is incorporated.
- The American South has c. 4 million slaves.
- 1860–1900 – 14 million immigrants come to the United States.
- Secession crisis (1860–61)
- January 25 – Charles Curtis, 31st Vice President of the United States from 1929 to 1933; U.S. Senator from Kansas from 1915 to 1929 (died 1936)
- February 28 – Carl Georg Barth, mathematician and mechanical engineer (died 1939)
- February 29 – Herman Hollerith, pioneer of automated data processing (died 1929)
- March 2 – Susanna M. Salter, first woman mayor in the U.S. (died 1961)
- March 5 – Sam Thompson, baseball player (died 1922)
- March 8 – James A. Hemenway, U.S. Senator from Indiana from 1905 to 1909 (died 1923)
- March 11 – Thomas Hastings, architect (died 1929)
- March 19 – William Jennings Bryan, politician (died 1925)
- April 7 – Will Keith Kellogg, industrialist, founder of the Kellogg Company (died 1951)
- May 15 – Ellen Axson Wilson, First Lady of the United States from 1913 to 1914 as wife of Woodrow Wilson (died 1914)
- May 16 – Herman Webster Mudgett, serial killer (d. 1896)
- June 22 – Tom O'Brien, baseball player (died 1921)
- July 3 – Charlotte Perkins Gilman, feminist novelist (died 1935)
- July 19 – Lizzie Borden, murder suspect (died 1927)
- August 13 – Annie Oakley, West show performer (died 1926)
- August 15
- September 5 – Andrew Volstead, politician (died 1947)
- September 6 – Jane Addams, social worker, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1931 (died 1935)
- September 7 – "Grandma Moses", born Anna Mary Robertson, folk painter (died 1961)
- September 13 – John J. Pershing, general (died 1948)
- October – William Edward White, African American baseball player (died 1937)
- October 12 – Chester I. Long, U.S. Senator from Kansas from 1903 to 1909 (died 1934)
- October 31 – Juliette Gordon Low, founder of Girl Scouts (died 1927)
- December 4 – Lillian Russell, singer and actress (died 1922)
- December 18 – Edward MacDowell, pianist and composer (died 1908)
- December 28 – Harry B. Smith, songwriter (died 1936)
- December 31
- January 13 – William Mason, politician (born 1786)
- February 25 – Chauncey Allen Goodrich, lexicographer (born 1790)
- April 6 – James Kirke Paulding, writer and United States Secretary of the Navy (born 1778)
- May 9 – Samuel Griswold Goodrich (Peter Parley), children's author (born 1793)
- May 10 – Theodore Parker, preacher, Transcendentalist and abolitionist (born 1810)
- May 21 – Phineas Gage, improbable head injury survivor (born 1823)
- June 6 – Henry P. Haun, U.S. Senator from California from 1859 to 1860 (born 1815)
- July 1 – Charles Goodyear, inventor (born 1800)
- September 12 – William Walker, filibuster, briefly President of Nicaragua, executed (born 1824)
- September 19 – Thomas D. Rice, actor and dancer (born 1808)
- October 3 – Rembrandt Peale, portrait painter and museum keeper (born 1778)
- October 25 – James "Grizzly" Adams, mountain man and bear trainer (born 1812)
- Media related to 1860 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons