1861 in New Zealand
A ceasefire is reached in the First Taranaki War, with British efforts to defeat Māori disaffected over land purchases having largely failed.
Prosperity comes to the south with the onset of the Central Otago Gold Rush. Within a year the population of the Tuapeka goldfields is twice that of Dunedin.
Regal and viceregal
- Head of State — Queen Victoria
- Governor — Colonel Thomas Gore Browne leaves office on 3 October to take up the post of Governor of Tasmania. His successor is Sir George Grey who takes up the position in December.
Government and law
- Speaker of the House — David Monro becomes Speaker after the retirement of Sir Charles Clifford the previous year.
- Premier — William Fox replaces Edward Stafford on 12 July after Stafford loses a vote of no-confidence.
- Minister of Finance — William Richmond loses the post on 12 July with the fall of the Fox government, and is replaced by Reader Wood.
- Chief Justice — Hon George Arney
- 16 February: The Southern News and Foveaux Strait's Herald publishes its first issue. The paper will become daily by 1875 and change its name to The Southland Daily News. It continues until 1968.
- 28 February: The Government-sponsored Māori language magazine, The Maori Messenger or Te Karere Maori publishes its final issue and is replaced by Te Manuhiri Tuarangi and Maori Intelligencer, which continues until 1863.
- 21 March: The Auckland Examiner, which started in 1856, ceases publication.
- 25 May: The Press publishes its first issue. It begins as a weekly newspaper, will move to bi-weekly in 1862, and becomes daily in 1863. It continues today[update].
- 29 June: Confirmation of the richness of Gabriel Read's gold discovery at Gabriel's Gully on the Tuapeka River is published in Dunedin and the Central Otago Gold Rush is on.
- 15 November: The Otago Daily Times produces its first issue. The newspaper continues today[update].
- The Māori King Movement begins publication of Te Hokioi o Nui-Tireni e Rere atu ra, which continues until 1863.
Arts and literature
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The first National Rifle Shooting Championships is held. This is the oldest national championships in New Zealand in any sport. The Championships are held in conjunction with various district contests until the first centralised Championships at Trentham in 1902.
The winner receives the Championship Belt (and Pouch). In 1907 the belt is won outright by A. Ballinger and it is renamed the Ballinger Belt. This name has been applied retroactively to the Championship since its inception.
Ballinger Belt: Lieutenant Brighton (Auckland)
- 12 June: James Gardiner, Australian politician.
- List of years in New Zealand
- Timeline of New Zealand history
- History of New Zealand
- Military history of New Zealand
- Timeline of the New Zealand environment
- Timeline of New Zealand's links with Antarctica
- Romanos, J. (2001) New Zealand Sporting Records and Lists. Auckland: Hodder Moa Beckett. ISBN 1-86958-879-7
- "James Henry MARTIN". Retrieved 2008-06-06.
- "Southland Times". National Library of New Zealand. Retrieved 6 June 2008.
- "Chapter 2: Early Statistical Sources — 19th Century" (PDF). Statistical publications 1840–2000. Statistics New Zealand. p. 11. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 November 2007.
- "Early Auckland area newspapers". Auckland City Libraries. Retrieved 22 May 2008.
- "Newspapers Guide: Historical outline of the main Christchurch newspapers". Christchurch City Libraries. Archived from the original on 21 June 2008. Retrieved 7 June 2008.
- McIndoe, James. report in the Otago Witness, 29 June 1861. Reprinted in An Eyewitness History of New Zealand (1985) e.g Robin Bromby. ISBN 0-85902-306-0
- "Otago Daily Times". Allied Press. Retrieved 7 June 2008.
- "Printing — General Survey". Encyclopedia of New Zealand (1966). Archived from the original on 18 May 2008. Retrieved 7 June 2008.
- Todd, S. (1976) Sporting Records of New Zealand. Auckland: Moa Publications. ISBN 0-908570-00-7
- Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.