1861 in paleontology

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List of years in paleontology
In science
1858
1859
1860
1861
1862
1863
1864

Paleontology or palaeontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1861.

Dinosaurs[edit]

Name Status Authors Notes

Archaeopteryx

Valid

von Meyer

Early bird.

Echinodon

Valid

Sir Richard Owen

Griphosaurus

Nomen rejectum

Wagner

Rejected in favor of Archaeopteryx.

Sauraechmodon

Nomen nudum

Falconer

Later named Echinodon.

Teratosaurus

Misidentification.

von Meyer

Misidentified teratosaurid archosaur.

Pterosaurs[edit]

New taxa[edit]

Name Status Authors Notes

Scaphognathus

Valid

Wagner

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716.