1863 in New Zealand
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Regal and viceregal
Government and law
The 3rd New Zealand Parliament continues.
- Speaker of the House — David Monro
- Premier — Frederick Whitaker replaces Alfred Domett on 30 October after Domett loses a vote of no-confidence.
- Minister of Finance — Reader Wood
- Chief Justice — Hon Sir George Arney
- 1 January: The Colonist ceases publishing and is absorbed into the Daily Telegraph. It began as the Otago Colonist in 1856.
- 7 February: HMS Orpheus is wrecked at the entrance to Manukau Harbour with the loss of 189 lives.
- 1 May: The Evening Star, a Dunedin newspaper, publishes its first issue. The paper continued until 1979.
- July: The beginning of the Invasion of Waikato under Duncan Alexander Cameron.
- July: Heavy snowfalls followed by warm rains cause sudden and extensive flooding in Central Otago, destroying numerous gold mining camps. It is estimated that at least 100 miners died in the floods and the preceding snowstorm.
- November: Shortly after his government loses a vote of no-confidence, former Premier Alfred Domett moves a resolution in Parliament that the Capital of New Zealand be moved closer to Cook Strait. This leads to the movement of the Capital to Wellington in 1865.
- 13 November: The New Zealand Herald publishes its first issue. The Auckland-based newspaper continues to publish today[update].
- Otago Gold Rush (1861–63)
- The Government-sponsored Māori language magazine Te Manuhiri Tuarangi and Maori Intelligencer ceases publication. It started in 1861, but predecessors were published from 1842.
- The Government starts printing a Māori language newspaper, Te Pihoihoi Mokemoke, to combat the views expressed by the Māori King Movement's newspaper Te Hokioi o Nui-Tireni e Rere atu ra. After the fifth issue was published, the press was seized by Ngāti Maniapoto in one of several incidents which led to the Invasion of Waikato. Later in the year Te Hokioi o Nui-Tireni e Rere atu ra, which started in 1861, also ceased publication.
- A Town Board is established in Wellington with three Wards (Thorndon, Lambton and Te Aro) but no Mayor.
Arts and literature
- One of the earliest recorded visits by an opera singer to New Zealand is made by Australian Marie Carandini.
Major race winner
- New Zealand Derby winner: Azucena
Ballinger Belt: Lieutenant Owen (Wanganui)
- 27 April (in India): Henry Braddon, rugby union player.
- 8 August: Robert Alexander Wright, mayor of Wellington and politician.
- 3 November: Thomas William "Torpedo Billy" Murphy, boxing world title holder.
- 2 February: Te Matenga Taiaroa, tribal leader
- 10 April: David MacNish, interpreter, labourer, bricklayer, farmer and Pākehā Māori
- 8 November: Nuka Taipari, tribal leader, warrior and tohunga
- Matiu Parakatone Tahu, tribal tohunga and mission teacher (died in late 1863 or early 1864)
- List of years in New Zealand
- Timeline of New Zealand history
- History of New Zealand
- Military history of New Zealand
- Timeline of the New Zealand environment
- Timeline of New Zealand's links with Antarctica
- Romanos, J. (2001) New Zealand Sporting Records and Lists. Auckland: Hodder Moa Beckett. ISBN 1-86958-879-7
- "Chapter 2: Early Statistical Sources — 19th Century" (PDF). Statistical publications 1840–2000. Statistics New Zealand. p. 12. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 November 2007.
- New Zealand History online
- "Allied Press History". Allied Press. Retrieved 8 June 2008.
- Otago Witness, 18 July 1863, Reprinted in An Eyewitness History of New Zealand (1985) ed. Robin Bromby. ISBN 0-85902-306-0
- "New Zealand Herald". The New Zealand Herald. 9 January 2007. Archived from the original on 31 May 2008. Retrieved 18 June 2008.
- "Early Auckland area newspapers". Auckland City Libraries. Retrieved 22 May 2008.
- "History of Te Awamutu". Te Awamutu Museum. Archived from the original on 10 May 2008. Retrieved 7 June 2008.
- "Printing — General Survey". Encyclopedia of New Zealand (1966). Archived from the original on 18 May 2008. Retrieved 7 June 2008.
- Te Ara: Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966 - Music:General History
- Torpedo Billy Murphy - Boxrec Boxing Encyclopaedia
Media related to 1863 in New Zealand at Wikimedia Commons