1864 English cricket season

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1864 English cricket season
1863
1865

The 1864 English cricket season was an important year in cricket history, as it saw the legalisation of overarm bowling and the first edition of John Wisden’s Cricketers’ Almanac.

Inter-county cricket[edit]

The first-class county teams in 1864 were Cambridgeshire, Hampshire, Kent, Middlesex, Notts, Surrey, Sussex and Yorkshire. The unofficial concept of a "champion county" took a new turn when periodicals began publishing tables of inter-county results, although there was still no formal or agreed method of deciding positions in the table. Haygarth usually refers to 'generally agreed' when announcing the Champion County.[1]

Table[2]
Team P W L D Pts[3]
1 Surrey 8 6 0 2 6
2 Cambridgeshire 3 3 0 0 3
Sussex 8 5 2 1 3
4 Middlesex 4 3 1 0 2
5 Nottinghamshire 7 3 4 0 -1
6 Yorkshire 7 2 4 1 -2
7 Hampshire 4 0 4 0 -4
8 Kent 7 0 7 0 -7

Events[edit]

  • Law 10 was rewritten by the MCC to allow a bowler to bring his arm through at any height providing he kept it straight and did not throw the ball. The issue of overarm bowling had crystallised in the Willsher-Lillywhite incident of August 1862.
  • 12 January – formation of Lancashire CCC at a meeting in Manchester.
  • 27–29 January – Otago v. Canterbury at Dunedin was the start of first-class cricket in New Zealand.
  • Madras v. Calcutta was the start of first-class cricket in India.
  • First issue of Wisden Cricketers' Almanack. It was titled John Wisden’s Cricketers’ Almanac until the 1937 edition.
  • 6–7 June – Middlesex CCC played its initial first-class match v. Sussex at Islington
  • 9 June – Playing for MCC against Oxford University, H.E. Bull becomes only the second player,[4] and the first since 1827,[5] to be dismissed hit the ball twice in a first-class game.[6]
  • 7–8 July – Hampshire CCC played its initial first-class match v. Sussex at the Antelope Ground, Southampton
  • 11–12 July – First appearance of WG Grace in a "big" match, though his first-class debut would not occur till the following season.[7]
  • MCC finally purchased the freehold of Lord's Cricket Ground for £18,333 6s 8d with money advanced by William Nicholson.

Leading batsmen (qualification 10 innings)[edit]

1864 English season leading batsmen[8]
Name Team Matches Inns Not outs Runs Hig score 100s Av
George Anderson Yorkshire 6 11 5 255 99* 0 42.50
Heathfield Stephenson Surrey & All England Eleven 15 25 4 824 119 2 39.23
Will Mortlock Surrey County Cricket Club 18 25 0 855 105 1 34.20
Tom Hayward Sr. Cambridgeshire 8 12 0 355 66 0 29.58
Bob Carpenter Cambridgeshire 8 11 1 270 52 0 27.00

Leading bowlers (qualification 800 balls)[edit]

1864 English season leading bowlers[9]
Name Team Balls Runs Wickets Best 5w inns 10w match Av
George Tarrant Cambridgeshire 1610 590 67 7/30 8 4 8.80
James Grundy MCC & Nottinghamshire 3466 1109 99 9/19 10 2 11.31
William Maitland Oxford University 1117 521 48 8/48 4 2 11.84
Edward Walker Middlesex & Southgate 1054 519 42 9/63 4 2 12.35
Edgar Willsher Kent & All England Eleven 3486 1065 79 7/47 6 0 13.48

References[edit]

  1. ^ First Class Cricket Matches 1864 - ACS - Nottingham
  2. ^ Table of inter-county results according to Rowland Bowen: see CricInfo
  3. ^ "wins minus losses", as used during the first few official County Championship seasons
  4. ^ Wynne-Thomas, Peter; The Rigby A-Z of Cricket Records; p. 93 ISBN 072701868X
  5. ^ Nottingham v Sheffield in 1827
  6. ^ Marylebone Cricket Club v Oxford University in 1864
  7. ^ Scorecard of Surrey Club and Ground v South Wales Cricket Club.
  8. ^ First Class Batting in England in 1864
  9. ^ First Class Bowling in England in 1864

Annual reviews[edit]

  • Fred Lillywhite, The Guide to Cricketers, Lillywhite, 1865
  • John Lillywhite's Cricketer's Companion (Green Lilly), Lillywhite, 1865
  • Arthur Haygarth, Scores & Biographies, Volume 8 (1863-1864), Lillywhite, 1865

External links[edit]