1864 in Wales
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- June - David Lloyd George's father dies and his family move from Pembrokeshire to Llanystumdwy to be cared for by his maternal uncle, Richard Lloyd, when he is aged 18 months.
- June 23 - Aberystwyth is linked to the rail network for the first time.
- October 6 - The Denbigh, Ruthin and Corwen Railway is completed throughout to Corwen.
- David Davies Llandinam takes a lease of coal in the Upper Rhondda Valley and sinks the Parc and Maindy pits.
- Opening of Rhosydd Quarry narrow gauge railway incline on the upper Croesor Tramway at the head of the Croesor valley.
- The Llandudno Improvement Commissioners attempt to ban Punch and Judy shows. In this year, the town first receives the title "Queen of Welsh Resorts".
Arts and literature
- National Eisteddfod of Wales is held at Llandudno. The chair is won by Richard Foulkes Edwards (Rhisiart Ddu o Wynedd).
- R. D. Blackmore - Clara Vaughan
- Huw Derfel - Llawlyfr Carnedd Llywelyn
- Robert Jones Derfel - Traethodau ac Areithiau
- Daniel Silvan Evans (ed.) - Y Marchog Crwydrad: Hen Ffuglith Gymreig
- Sir John Henry Philipps - Lyrics
- Alfred Russel Wallace - The Origin of Human Races and the Antiquity of Man Deduced from the Theory of Natural Selection
- Frances Williams-Wynn - Diaries of a Lady of Quality (posthumously published)
- William Griffiths (Ifander) - Gwarchae Harlech (cantata)
- South Wales Cricket Club play Gentlemen of Sussex. The South Wales team includes W. G. Grace, who scores 170.
- January 8
- February 7 - Alfred Augustus Mathews, vicar and Wales international rugby player (died 1946)
- March 11 - John Silas Evans, astronomer (died 1953)
- May 4 - Harry Bowen, Wales international rugby player (died 1913)
- June 5 - Edward Pegge, Wales international rugby player (died 1915)
- July 5 - Lloyd Kenyon, 4th Baron Kenyon (died 1927)
- August 19 - Charles Alfred Howell Green, first Bishop of Monmouth (died 1944)
- September 15
- September 21 - Ernest Rowland, priest and Wales international rugby player (died 1940)
- October 10
- October 17 - Sir John Morris-Jones, grammarian (died 1929)
- November 4 - Margaret Owen, later wife of David Lloyd George (died 1941)
- March 11 - Richard Roberts, engineer, 74
- March 28 - Ellis Evans, Baptist minister and author, 77
- June 18
- June 20 - John Davies (Brychan), poet, 79
- July 24 - Lloyd Kenyon, 3rd Baron Kenyon, 59
- August 1 - Thomas Rees, Unitarian minister (born 1777)
- December 29 - Mary Jones, early owner of a Welsh Bible, 80