1865 English cricket season

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1865 English cricket season
1864
1866

The 1865 English cricket season saw the first-class debuts of WG Grace and Lancashire CCC, who were both to play very important roles in the development of the game for the remainder of the century. It also saw the first four-figure first-class batting aggregate, and the first multiple ten-wicket innings in one season.

Events[edit]

  • 15 & 16 February: Earliest inter-colonial match in the West Indies was Barbados v. Demerara (now Guyana) at Bridgetown. This is recognised as the start of West Indian first-class cricket.
  • 3 March: Formation of Worcestershire County Cricket Club, which became first-class in 1899.[1]
  • 22 June: W. G. Grace made his first-class debut playing for Gentlemen of the South v. Players of the South. This was a two-day match which his team won by an innings and 58 runs. Amazingly, he began his career with a duck: st HH Stephenson b G Bennett. However, he made up for this disappointment by taking 5-44 and 8-40 when aged just 16! Grace played in five matches during his debut season but he was still not attached to a first-class county (Gloucestershire did not become a first-class team until 1870). His other games in 1865 were for Gentlemen v. Players (twice), England v. Surrey and Gentlemen of England v. Gentlemen of Middlesex. Grace played till 1908, and remains peerless as a player and became known to history as "The Great Cricketer". A massive personality who was the sport’s supreme all-rounder, but best remembered as a master batsman who conquered the uncertain pitch conditions of his early years before the heavy roller and motor mower eliminated deadly shooters and "bumping" or "flying" balls on the head.[2] His superiority over his contemporaries is astounding and only Don Bradman has a similar stature in the game's history.
  • 18 July: The All England Eleven beat the three-year-old record for the highest first-class team total by scoring 524 against Yorkshire,[3] with all eleven batsmen reaching double figures.
  • 20 July: Lancashire County Cricket Club joined the list of teams generally accepted in the unofficial County Championship and played its initial first-class match against Middlesex at Old Trafford.
  • 23 July:
    • Edward Walker becomes the first bowler to twice take all ten wickets in an innings (having done so in 1859 for England against Surrey),[4] but despite this Lancashire win their inaugural first-class match[5] (they would not win again until 1868)
    • For the only time until 1895, multiple cases of all ten wickets in a first-class innings occur[4]
  • 10 August: Tom Humphrey becomes the first batsman to score 1,000 first-class runs in a season.[6] With the improvement of pitches this feat has been achieved every season since 1869 except the exceptionally cool and wet 1879 season.
  • For the last time until 1972, no bowler took 100 first-class wickets, with James Lillywhite having the highest aggregate of 87[7]

Playing record (by county)[8][edit]

County Played Won Lost Drawn
Cambridgeshire 3 1 1 1
Hampshire 3 1 2 0
Kent 7 2 3 2
Lancashire 2 1 1 0
Middlesex 5 3 1 1
Nottinghamshire 7 6 1 0
Surrey 12 7 3 2
Sussex 7 1 4 2
Yorkshire 8 0 6 2

Leading batsmen (qualification 10 innings)[edit]

1865 English season leading batsmen[9]
Name Team Matches Innings Not outs Runs Highest score Average 100s 50s
William Oscroft Nottinghamshire 9 13 1 518 107 43.16 1 4
Richard Mitchell Oxford University 7 11 1 390 80 39.00 0 3
Lord Cobham MCC
Southgate
7 11 0 418 129 38.00 1 2
Richard Daft Nottinghamshire
All England Eleven
7 12 1 359 78 32.63 0 4
George Parr Nottinghamshire
All England Eleven
8 11 0 353 78 32.09 0 3

Leading bowlers (qualification 800 balls)[edit]

1865 English season leading bowlers[10]
Name Team Balls bowled Runs conceded Wickets taken Average Best bowling 5 wickets
in innings
10 wickets
in match
Jem Shaw Nottinghamshire 1495 476 44 10.81 8/32 3 2
John Jackson Nottinghamshire
All England Eleven
1105 340 29 11.72 7/25 3 0
George Wootton MCC
Nottinghamshire
All England Eleven
2527 977 84 11.91 10/54 8 5
Thomas Hearne MCC
Middlesex
1072 370 30 12.33 5/31 3 1
James Lillywhite Sussex 3959 1147 87 13.18 7/30 8 2

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wynne-Thomas, Peter; The Rigby A-Z of Cricket Records; p. 182 ISBN 072701868X
  2. ^ Green, Benny; Wisden Anthology 1864-1900 p. 604 ISBN 0354085557
  3. ^ Webber, Roy; The Playfair Book of Cricket Records; p. 18. Published 1951 by Playfair Books
  4. ^ a b Webber, Roy; The Playfair Book of Cricket Records; p. 148
  5. ^ Lancashire v Middlesex in 1865
  6. ^ Surrey v Hampshire in 1865
  7. ^ First-Class Bowling by Wickets in 1865
  8. ^ Wynne-Thomas; The Rigby A-Z of Cricket Records; p. 53
  9. ^ First Class Batting in England in 1865
  10. ^ First Class Bowling in England in 1865

Annual reviews[edit]

  • Fred Lillywhite, The Guide to Cricketers, Lillywhite, 1866
  • John Lillywhite's Cricketer's Companion (Green Lilly), Lillywhite, 1866
  • Arthur Haygarth, Scores & Biographies, Volume 9 (1865-1866), Lillywhite, 1867

External links[edit]