1865 in Canada
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|Years in Canada:||1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868|
|Centuries:||18th century · 19th century · 20th century|
|Decades:||1830s 1840s 1850s 1860s 1870s 1880s 1890s|
|Years:||1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868|
|Part of a series on the|
|History of Canada|
|By Provinces and Territories|
Events from the year 1865 in Canada.
- Governor General of the Province of Canada — Charles Monck, 4th Viscount Monck
- Colonial Governor of Newfoundland — Anthony Musgrave
- Governor of New Brunswick — Arthur Charles Hamilton-Gordon
- Governor of Nova Scotia — Charles Hastings Doyle then Richard Graves MacDonnell then Sir William Fenwick Williams
- Governor of Prince Edward Island — George Dundas
- Joint Premiers of the Province of Canada –
- Premier of Newfoundland — Hugh Hoyles then Frederick Carter
- Premiers of New Brunswick — Samuel Leonard Tilley then Albert J. Smith
- Premiers of Nova Scotia – Charles Tupper
- Premier of Prince Edward Island – John Hamilton Gray then James Colledge Pope
- February 3 – Legislature approves message to Crown for union of British North America provinces.
- February 20 – The Legislature of the Province of Canada passes a motion in favour of Confederation
- March 7 – New Brunswick rejects a Confederation scheme.
- March 24 – Macdonald, Brown, Cartier, Galt appointed to negotiate Confederation in London.
- May 10 – An admiralty letter to the Colonial Office required colonial warships to "wear a Union Jack in the usual place, and the White Ensign, with either the Arms of the Colony, or such other distinguishing mark as may be chosen by the Colony, and approved by the Colonial Office and the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty". This regulation was mainly directed at Australia and not applicable to Canada, which had no Navy at that time.
- October 20 – Proclamation of Ottawa as seat of government.
- November 7 – Newfoundland general election, 1865
- December 16 – A distinctive Blue Ensign for the province of Canada is authorized by the UK secretary of state for the colonies.
- December 22 – Colonial Office Circular notifying revised Admiralty requirements for flags for colonial warships and for other colonial government vessels and requesting correct drawings of seals or badges to be adopted as distinguishing marks.
- January 7 – Lyman Duff, jurist and Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada (died 1955)
- February 10 – Richard Gardiner Willis, politician (died 1929)
- February 28 – Wilfred Grenfell, medical missionary (died 1940)
- March 15 – Edith Maude Eaton, author (died 1914)
- April 10 – Jack Miner, conservationist (died 1944)
- May 31 – Clarence Chant, astronomer and physicist (died 1956)
- August 10 – James Wilson Morrice, painter (died 1924)
- November 17 – John Stanley Plaskett, astronomer (died 1941)
- December 25 – James Breakey, politician (died 1952)
Full date unknown
- January 16 – Joseph Cunard, merchant, shipbuilder and politician (born 1799)
- July 27 – Augustin-Norbert Morin, lawyer, judge, politician and Joint Premier of the Province of Canada (born 1803)
- July 30 – Étienne-Paschal Taché, doctor, politician, and deputy adjutant-general of the militia (born 1795)
- August 27 – Thomas Chandler Haliburton, author, judge and politician (born 1796)
Confederation Canada must be aware of the might of the United States 
U.S. Congress resolves to withdraw from the treaty limiting navies on the Great Lakes 
Powerful British MP Benjamin Disraeli says Britain would be foolish to lose Canada 
U.S. ambassador reports the British seem less defensive 
Governor General orders flags flown at half-mast following President Lincoln's assassination 
Arrest on a U.S.A.-bound Canadian ship of a man ready to kill "Yankees" 
- "The Right Honourable Sir Lyman Poore Duff, P.C., G.C.M.G." Supreme Court of Canada. Archived from the original on 2015-06-06. Retrieved 26 April 2015.
- "The British-American Confederation," The Illustrated London News (February 4, 1865), The Civil War in America from The Illustrated London News. Accessed 20 September 2018 http://iln.digitalscholarship.emory.edu/browse/iln46.1300.005/
- United States Department of State, "Thirty-Eighth Congress, Second Session. Joint Resolution...," Papers Relating to Foreign Affairs, Accompanying the Annual Message of the President to the First Session Thirty-Ninth Congress (1865), pg. 164. Accessed 9 September 2018 http://digicoll.library.wisc.edu/cgi-bin/FRUS/FRUS-idx?type=goto&id=FRUS.FRUS1865p1&isize=M&submit=Go+to+page&page=164
- "Foreign News; Europe," Harper's Weekly; A Journal of Civilization, Vol. IX, Issue 432 (April 8, 1865), pg. 211. Accessed 9 September 2018 http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/h/harpersweekly/harpersweekly-idx?coll=harpersweekly;type=HTML;rgn=DIV1;byte=3044710
- United States Department of State, "Mr. Adams to Mr. Seward," Papers Relating to Foreign Affairs, Accompanying the Annual Message of the President to the First Session Thirty-Ninth Congress (1865), pg. 262. Accessed 9 September 2018 http://digicoll.library.wisc.edu/cgi-bin/FRUS/FRUS-idx?type=goto&id=FRUS.FRUS1865p1&isize=M&submit=Go+to+page&page=262
- United States Department of State, "Lord Monck to Sir F. Bruce," Executive Documents Printed by Order of the House of Representatives, during the First Session of the Thirty-Ninth Congress, 1865-'66 (1865-1866), pg. 184. Accessed 9 September 2018 http://digicoll.library.wisc.edu/cgi-bin/FRUS/FRUS-idx?type=turn&entity=FRUS.FRUS186566p4.p0256&id=FRUS.FRUS186566p4
- "The Case of the Georgian," Northern Advance, Barrie, C.W. (April 26, 1865). Accessed 15 September 2018 http://images.maritimehistoryofthegreatlakes.ca/details.asp?ID=6842