1865 in paleontology

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List of years in paleontology
In science
1862
1863
1864
1865
1866
1867
1868

Paleontology or palaeontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1865.

Newly named archosauromorphs[edit]

Newly named basal archosauromorphs[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes

Ankistrodon

Nomen dubium

Thomas Henry Huxley

Early Triassic

Panchet Formation

 India

A proterosuchid.

Newly named dinosaurs[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Coelosaurus

Preoccupied.

Joseph Leidy

Late Cretaceous (early Maastrichtian)

Navesink Formation

 US

An ornithomimid. Preoccupied by Owen 1854.

Megadactylus

Preoccupied

Hitchcock

Early Jurassic

Portland Formation

 US

Preoccupied by Fitzinger, 1843. Later renamed Amphisaurus.

Polacanthus

Valid

Sir Richard Owen vide Anonymous.

Early Cretaceous (Barremian)

Wessex Formation

 UK

A polacanthine ankylosaur.

Tomodon

Preoccupied.

Joseph Leidy

Late Cretaceous (early Maastrichtian)

Navesink Formation

 US

Preoccupied by Duméril 1853 Later renamed Diplotomodon.

Plesiosaurs[edit]

Newly named plesiosaurs[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes

Piratosaurus

Nomen dubium

Leidy

Late Cretaceous (Santonian)

 Canada

A dubious plesiosaur.

Plesiosaurus homalospondylus

Valid

Sir Richard Owen

Early Jurassic (Toarcian)

Alum shale

 UK

A Microcleididae plesiosaur. Type species of Microcleidus Watson, 1909.

Plesiosaurus rostratus

Valid

Sir Richard Owen

Early Jurassic (Hettangian-Sinemurian)

Charmouth Mudstone

 UK

A rhomaleosaurid plesiosaur. Type species of Archaeonectrus Novozhilov, 1964.

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716.