1868 in Argentina
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- President: Bartolomé Mitre (until 11 October); Domingo Faustino Sarmiento (from 12 October)
- Vice President: Marcos Paz (until 2 January); Adolfo Alsina (from 12 October)
- 2 January – The sudden death of Vice President Marcos Paz, in a cholera epidemic at Buenos Aires, results in a vacancy that is not filled for several months.
- 12 April – The electoral college chooses Domingo Sarmiento as its new president by 79 out of 131 votes, making this the most closely contested election during the period.
- June – Henry G. Worthington becomes United States Ambassador to Argentina.
- 21 April – Rosendo Mendizabal, tango musician and composer (died 1913)
- 20 July – José Félix Uriburu, first de facto President of Argentina (died 1932)
- 4 October – Marcelo Torcuato de Alvear, politician and future President of Argentina (died 1942)
- 6 December – Lisandro de la Torre, politician (died 1939)
- 2 January – Marcos Paz, Vice President of Argentina (born 1813; cholera)
- 19 February – Venancio Flores, Uruguayan politician and general supported by Argentina (born 1808; assassinated)
- 23 October – Mariquita Sánchez, Buenos Aires salonnière (born 1786)
- Todo Argentina: 1868 (Spanish)
- "Henry Gaither Worthington". United States Department of State. Retrieved 2011-07-16.
- "Uriburu Ends Argentine Rule". Associated Press. 20 February 1932. Retrieved 2011-04-26.
The General who strode into the Argentine capital almost a year and a half ago and took over the government by threat of arms, tomorrow will stride out in favor of a ...
- "Marcelo T. de Alvear" (en español). Portal Planeta Sedna. Consultado el 4 de mayo de 2010.
- Biography of Lisandro de la Torre (in Spanish). Efemérides Culturales Argentinas, website of the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology of Argentina.
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