1870 in architecture
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The year 1870 in architecture involved some significant architectural events and new buildings.
- January 6 - The Musikverein in Vienna, designed by Theophil Hansen, is inaugurated.
- May 1 - Equitable Life Building (New York City), designed by Arthur Gilman and Edward H. Kendall, with George B. Post as a consulting engineer, is completed. The 7-storey building is the first office block to incorporate passenger elevators, hydraulic examples by the Elisha Otis company.
- June 23 - Keble College, Oxford, designed by William Butterfield, is opened.
- August 9 - Melbourne Town Hall, Melbourne, Australia is opened.
- November - University of Glasgow new campus building, designed by George Gilbert Scott, is opened.
- Perth Town Hall in Australia, designed by Richard Roach Jewell and James Manning, is completed.
- David Sassoon Library in Bombay, designed by J. Campbell and G. E. Gosling, is completed.
- Khotan Mosque in China is built.
- Approximate date - Les Halles markets in Paris, designed by Victor Baltard, completed.
- Royal Gold Medal - Benjamin Ferrey.
- Grand Prix de Rome, architecture: Albert-Félix-Théophile Thomas.
- April 17 - Max Berg, German architect and urban planner (died 1947)
- December 10 - Adolf Loos, Austrian-Czech Modernist architect (died 1933).
- December 15 - Josef Hoffmann, Austrian architect and designer (died 1965)
- January 2 - Ignatius Bonomi, English architect and surveyor (born 1787)
- February 15 - William Burn, pioneer of the Scottish Baronial style (born 1789)
- March 24 - Ferdinand Stadler, Swiss architect (born 1813)
- c. May - John Skipton Mulvany, Irish architect (born 1813)
- October 8 - Félix Duban, French architect (born 1798)
- December 28 - Philip Hardwick, English architect particularly associated with railway stations and warehouses in London (born 1792)