1870 in the United States
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|1870 in the United States|
37 stars (1867–77)
|Timeline of United States history|
|History of the United States (1865–1918)|
Events from the year 1870 in the United States.
- President: Ulysses S. Grant (R-Ohio)
- Vice President: Schuyler Colfax (R-Indiana)
- Chief Justice: Salmon P. Chase (Ohio)
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: James G. Blaine (R-Maine)
- Congress: 41st
- January 1 – Plans for the Brooklyn Bridge are completed.
- January 3 – Construction of the Brooklyn Bridge begins.
- January 10 – John D. Rockefeller incorporates Standard Oil.
- January 15 – A political cartoon for the first time symbolizes the United States Democratic Party with a donkey ("A Live Jackass Kicking a Dead Lion" by Thomas Nast for Harper's Weekly).
- January 26 – Reconstruction: Virginia rejoins the Union.
- January 27 – The first college sorority, Kappa Alpha Theta, is established at DePauw University.
- February 3 – The 15th Amendment to the United States Constitution, guaranteeing African-American males the right to vote, is ratified.
- February 10
- February 12 – Women gain the right to vote in Utah Territory.
- February 23 – Military control of Mississippi ends and it is readmitted to the Union.
- February 25 – Hiram Rhodes Revels, a Republican from Mississippi, is sworn into the United States Senate, becoming the first African American ever to sit in the U.S. Congress.
- February 26 – In New York City, the first pneumatic subway is opened.
- March 19 – The Ohio Legislature passes the Cannon Act, thereby establishing the Ohio Agriculture and Mechanical College, later Ohio State University.
- March 24 – Syracuse University is established and officially opens.
- March 30
- March 31 – Thomas Mundy Peterson is the first African-American to vote in an election.
- April – The Chicago Base Ball Club, later to be known as the Chicago White Stockings, and ultimately the Chicago Cubs, play their first game against the St. Louis Unions of the National Association of Base Ball Players, an amateur league.
- June 22 – The U.S. Congress creates the United States Department of Justice.
- June 26 – Christmas is declared a federal holiday in the United States.
- July 15 – Reconstruction: Georgia becomes the last former Confederate state to be readmitted to the Union, and the C.S.A. is dissolved.
- September 6 – Louisa Ann Swain of Laramie, Wyoming, becomes the first woman in the United States to cast a vote legally since 1807.
- September 18 – Old Faithful Geyser is observed and named by Henry D. Washburn during the Washburn-Langford-Doane Expedition to Yellowstone.
First Documented climb of Mt Rainer by medal of Honor winner General Hazard Stevens.
- October 25 – Eutaw riot: A white mob attacks a group of black citizens, killing as many as four of them, in Eutaw, Alabama.
- November 1 – The newly created Weather Bureau (later renamed the National Weather Service) makes its first official meteorological forecast: "High winds at Chicago and Milwaukee... and along the Lakes".
- Underwood Constitution: A controversial revised Constitution of Virginia goes into effect following a drafting convention that was dominated by the Radical Republicans led by John Underwood.
- January 9 – Joseph Strauss, bridge engineer (died 1938)
- January 11 – Alexander Stirling Calder, sculptor (died 1945)
- January 13 – Ross Granville Harrison, physiologist (died 1959)
- January 23 – William G. Morgan, inventor of volleyball (died 1942)
- February 20 – Jay Johnson Morrow, military engineer and politician, 3rd Governor of the Panama Canal Zone (died 1937)
- February 26 – John S. Cohen, U.S. Senator from Georgia from 1932 to 1933 (died 1935)
- March 5 – Frank Norris, journalist and naturalist novelist (died 1902)
- March 13
- April 4
- April 17 – Ray Stannard Baker, journalist and modern historian (died 1946)
- May 19 – Albert Fish, serial killer (died 1936)
- May 24 – Benjamin N. Cardozo, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (died 1938)
- July 9 – Mathew Beard, supercentenarian (died 1985)
- July 25 – Maxfield Parrish, illustrator (died 1966)
- August 3 – Carrie Ingalls, younger sister of author Laura Ingalls Wilder (died 1946)
- August 20 – Edward Stanley Kellogg, 16th Governor of American Samoa (died 1948)
- August 25 – Mihran Kassabian, radiologist (died 1910)
- September 2 – James Bert Garner, chemical engineer and inventor (died 1960)
- September 21 – Elmer Darwin Ball, entomologist (died 1943)
- September 25 – James A. Hawken, schoolteacher (died 1964)
- September 30 – Thomas W. Lamont, banker (died 1948)
- October 7 – Uncle Dave Macon, banjo player and singer-songwriter (died 1952)
- November 2 – Joseph J. Sullivan, gambler (died 1949)
- December 12 – Walter Benona Sharp, oil pioneer (died 1912)
- December 23 – John Marin, modernist painter (died 1953)
- Robert Ames Bennet, Western and science fiction writer (died 1954)
- Hulburd Steel, New York City marine artist
- January 17 – Alexander Anderson, illustrator (born 1775)
- January 25 – David Bates, poet (born 1809)
- March 26 – Pierre Soulé, U.S. Senator from Louisiana in 1847 and from 1849 to 1853 (born 1801)
- March 28 – George Henry Thomas, general (born 1816)
- April 26 – Zerah Colburn, locomotive designer and technical journalist (suicide) (born 1832)
- May 9 – Lawrence Brainerd, U.S. Senator from Vermont from 1854 to 1855 (born 1794)
- June 11 – William Gilmore Simms, Southern poet, novelist and historian (born 1806)
- June 17 – Jérôme Napoléon Bonaparte, agriculturalist, nephew of Napoleon I (born 1805 in the United Kingdom)
- July 13 – Daniel Sheldon Norton, U.S. Senator from Minnesota from 1865 to 1870 (born 1829)
- August 14 – David Farragut, flag officer of the United States Navy during the American Civil War (born 1801)
- September 12 – Fitz Hugh Ludlow, author and explorer (born 1836)
- October 3 – Joseph Mozier, sculptor best known for his work in Italy (born 1812)
- October 12
- December 5 – David Gouverneur Burnet, politician (born 1788)
- December 16 – Byron Kilbourn, surveyor, railroad executive and politician (born 1801)
- December 28 – Wilson Lumpkin, U.S. Senator from Georgia and Governor of Georgia from 1831 to 1835 (born 1783)
- "15th Amendment to the Constitution: Primary Documents of American History (Virtual Programs & Services, Library of Congress)". www.loc.gov. Retrieved 2016-02-02.
- "A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774 - 1875". memory.loc.gov. Retrieved 2016-02-02.
- Media related to 1870 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons