1872 Cavite mutiny: Difference between revisions

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==Aftermath==
 
==Aftermath==
In the aftermath of the mutiny, all Filipino soldiers were disarmed and later sent into exile in [[Mindanao]]. Those suspected of supporting the mutineers were arrested and executed. The mutiny was used by Spanish colonial government and the Spanish friars to implicate three Filipino priests, [[Mariano Gómez]], [[José Burgos]] and [[Jacinto Zamora]], collectively known as [[GOMBURZA]] and other Filipino leaders. These executions, particularly those of the GOMBURZA, were to have a significant effect on people because of the shadowy nature of the trials. [[Jose Rizal]] dedicated his work, [[El filibusterismo]] for the executed priests.
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In the aftermath of the mutiny, all Filipino soldiers were disarmed and later sent into exile in [[Mindanao]]. Those suspected of supporting the mutineers were arrested and executed. The mutiny was used by Spanish colonial government and the Spanish friars to implicate three Filipino priests, [[Mariano Gómez]], [[José Burgos]] and [[Jacinto Zamora]], collectively known as [[GOMBURZA]] and other Filipino leaders. These executions, particularly those of the GOMBURZA, were to have a significant effect on people because of the shadowy nature of the trials. [[Jose Rizal]] dedicated his work, [[El filibusterismo]] for the executed priests. yas i am liam
   
 
On January 27, 1872 Governor-General Rafael Izquierdo approved the [[death sentence]]s on forty-one of the mutineers. On February 6, eleven more were sentenced to death, but these were commuted to [[life imprisonment]]. Others were exiled to [[Guam]]. Those who were exiled were able to make their way to more progressive places like London, Hong Kong, or Tokyo. They were able to start small movements that were to help the [[Philippine Revolution]].
 
On January 27, 1872 Governor-General Rafael Izquierdo approved the [[death sentence]]s on forty-one of the mutineers. On February 6, eleven more were sentenced to death, but these were commuted to [[life imprisonment]]. Others were exiled to [[Guam]]. Those who were exiled were able to make their way to more progressive places like London, Hong Kong, or Tokyo. They were able to start small movements that were to help the [[Philippine Revolution]].

Revision as of 05:58, 26 November 2010

Cavite Mutiny
Part of the Philippine revolts against Spain
Date January 20–21, 1872
Location Fort San Felipe, Cavite, Philippines
Result

Spanish victory

Belligerents
Flag of the First Spanish Republic.svg Spain Filipino workers and military personnel
Commanders and leaders
Flag of the First Spanish Republic.svg Felipe Ginoves Sgt. Ferdinand La Madrid
Strength
One regiment, four cannons Around 200 soldiers and laborers

The Cavite Mutiny of 1872 was an uprising of military personnel of Fort San Felipe, the Spanish arsenal in Cavite, Philippines on January 20, 1872. Around 200 soldiers and laborers rose up in the belief that it would elevate to a national uprising. The mutiny was unsuccessful, and government soldiers executed many of the participants and began to crack down on a burgeoning nationalist movement. Many scholars believe that the Cavite Mutiny of 1872 was the beginning of Filipino nationalism that would eventually lead to the Philippine Revolution of 1896.[1]

Causes

The primary cause of the mutiny is believed to be an order from Governor-General Rafael de Izquierdo to subject the soldiers of the Engineering and Artillery Corps to personal taxes, from which they were previously exempt. The taxes required them to pay a monetary sum as well as to perform forced labor or called, "polo y servicio". The mutiny was sparked on January 20, when the laborers received their pay and realized the taxes as well as the falla, the fine one paid to be exempt from forced labor, had been deducted from their salaries.

Battle

Their leader was Ferdinand La Madrid, a mestizo Sergeant. The mutineers thought that soldiers in Manila would join them in a concerted uprising, the signal being the firing of rockets from the city walls on that night. Unfortunately, what they thought to be the signal was actually a burst of fireworks in celebration of the feast of St. Loreto, the patron of Sampaloc. News of the mutiny reached Manila, the Spanish authorities feared for a massive Filipino uprising. The next day, a regiment led by General Felipe Ginoves sieged the fort until the mutineers surrendered. Ginoves then ordered to fire immediately at those who surrendered including La Madrid.

Aftermath

In the aftermath of the mutiny, all Filipino soldiers were disarmed and later sent into exile in Mindanao. Those suspected of supporting the mutineers were arrested and executed. The mutiny was used by Spanish colonial government and the Spanish friars to implicate three Filipino priests, Mariano Gómez, José Burgos and Jacinto Zamora, collectively known as GOMBURZA and other Filipino leaders. These executions, particularly those of the GOMBURZA, were to have a significant effect on people because of the shadowy nature of the trials. Jose Rizal dedicated his work, El filibusterismo for the executed priests. yas i am liam

On January 27, 1872 Governor-General Rafael Izquierdo approved the death sentences on forty-one of the mutineers. On February 6, eleven more were sentenced to death, but these were commuted to life imprisonment. Others were exiled to Guam. Those who were exiled were able to make their way to more progressive places like London, Hong Kong, or Tokyo. They were able to start small movements that were to help the Philippine Revolution.

See also

References

  1. ^ Chandler, David P. In search of Southeast Asia: a modern history. University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 0824811100. 

External links