|Discovered by||T. Gehrels
C. J. van Houten
I. van Houten-Groeneveld
|Discovery site||Palomar Obs.|
|Discovery date||25 March 1971|
|MPC designation||1873 Agenor|
|Jupiter trojan |
|Orbital characteristics |
|Epoch 27 June 2015 (JD 2457200.5)|
|Uncertainty parameter 0|
|Observation arc||44.58 yr (16,283 days)|
|11.99 yr (4,378 days)|
±1.62 km 54.38
±1.18 km 50.80
53.94 km (derived)
1873 Agenor, provisional designation 1971 FH, is a dark Jupiter trojan, approximately 54 kilometers in diameter. It was discovered on March 25, 1971 by Cornelis van Houten and I. van Houten-Groeneveld at Leiden, on photographic plates taken by Tom Gehrels at the U.S. Palomar Observatory in the Palomar Mountain Range, southeast of Los Angeles.
The Trojan asteroid dwells in the L5 Lagrangian point, 60 degrees behind Jupiter in the so-called "Trojan camp". It orbits the Sun at a distance of 4.8–5.7 AU once every 12 years (4,378 days). In 1994, photometric observations were used to build a light-curve showing a rotation period of ±0.03 hours with a brightness variation of 20.60±0.01 in 0.08magnitude. The C-type asteroid has an albedo between 0.03 and 0.07, as measured by the Akari and WISE/NEOWISE missions.
The discovery was made in a survey of faint Trojans, one night after the discovery of 1870 Glaukos. The trio of Dutch and Dutch–American astronomers also collaborated on the productive Palomar–Leiden survey in the 1960s, using the same procedure as for this (smaller) survey: Tom Gehrels used Palomar's Samuel Oschin telescope (also known as the 48-inch Schmidt Telescope), and shipped the photographic plates to Cornelis and Ingrid van Houten at Leiden Observatory where astrometry was carried out.
It was named after the Trojan warrior Agenor, who fought and wounded Achilles. The Olympian deity Apollo assumed his form in order to lead Achilles away from the retreating Trojans. The minor planets 588 Achilles and 1862 Apollo are named after these two figures of Greek mythology.
- "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 1873 Agenor (1971 FH)" (2015-10-23 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved November 2015.
- Schmadel, Lutz D. (2003). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (1873) Agenor. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 150. ISBN 978-3-540-29925-7. Retrieved November 2015.
- "LCDB Data for (1873) Agenor". Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved November 2015.
- Usui, Fumihiko; Kuroda, Daisuke; Müller, Thomas G.; Hasegawa, Sunao; Ishiguro, Masateru; Ootsubo, Takafumi; et al. (October 2011). "Asteroid Catalog Using Akari: AKARI/IRC Mid-Infrared Asteroid Survey". Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan 63 (5): 1117–1138. Bibcode:2011PASJ...63.1117U. doi:10.1093/pasj/63.5.1117. Retrieved November 2015.
- Mainzer, A.; Grav, T.; Masiero, J.; Hand, E.; Bauer, J.; Tholen, D.; et al. (November 2011). "NEOWISE Studies of Spectrophotometrically Classified Asteroids: Preliminary Results". The Astrophysical Journal 741 (2): 25. arXiv:1109.6407. Bibcode:2011ApJ...741...90M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/741/2/90. Retrieved November 2015.
- Mottola, Stefano; Di Martino, Mario; Erikson, Anders; Gonano-Beurer, Maria; Carbognani, Albino; Carsenty, Uri; et al. (May 2011). "Rotational Properties of Jupiter Trojans. I. Light Curves of 80 Objects". The Astronomical Journal 141 (5): 32. Bibcode:2011AJ....141..170M. doi:10.1088/0004-6256/141/5/170. Retrieved November 2015.
- "1873 Agenor (1971 FH)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved November 2015.
- Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB), query form (info)
- Dictionary of Minor Planet Names, Google books
- 1873 Agenor at the JPL Small-Body Database
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