1876 (novel)

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The first edition
Author Gore Vidal
Country United States
Language English
Series Narratives of Empire
Genre Historical novel
Publisher Random House
Publication date
Media type Print (Hardback & Paperback)
Pages 364 pp
ISBN 0-394-49750-3
OCLC 1859740
LC Class PS3543.I26 A6214 1976
Preceded by Lincoln
Followed by Empire

1876 is the third historical novel in Gore Vidal's Narratives of Empire series. It was published in 1976 and details the events of a year described by Vidal himself as "probably the low point in our republic's history."


The novel is written in the form of a journal written by Charles Schermerhorn Schuyler.


The novel focuses on Charles Schermerhorn Schuyler who has recently returned to the USA after more than 30 years in Europe, where he married into minor Napoleonic nobility; he is accompanied by his beautiful young widowed daughter Emma, the Princesse d'Agrigente, who immediately becomes the darling of New York high society. Despite his fame and affluent image, Schuyler finds work as a journalist because his wealth has been destroyed by the 1873 monetary crisis and his daughter's late husband has left her penniless. Schuyler also supports the Democratic candidate, Samuel J. Tilden, Governor of New York, because he hopes to secure himself a diplomatic position with the incoming administration that will enable him to return to Europe.

The early chapters detail the Schuylers' introduction into New York society and the engagement between Emma and John Day Apgar, a wealthy but rather dull young lawyer and scion of a leading New York family. The later chapters chronicle Schuyler's sojourn in Washington, DC and Emma's growing friendship with the wealthy Denise Sanford and her boorish husband William. Emma and Denise become close friends, but after Denise dies in childbirth Emma breaks off her engagement to Apgar and marries Sanford instead.[1]

The political backdrop to the story is the 1876 U.S. presidential election, a close run contest between Tilden and the Republican Rutherford B. Hayes. Tilden won the popular vote, but there was a dispute over the results in four states, including Florida. In Florida, the Republican leaders of the State initially reported a victory for Tilden, before deciding that in fact Hayes had won. Vidal builds up to this historic crisis through the activities of a mixed cast of historical and fictional characters, some of the latter having previously appeared in Burr, or having descended from characters in that novel.


  1. ^ Susan Baker & Curtis S. Gibson, Gore Vidal: a critical companion (Greenwood Press, Westport, CT, 1997), p.106