1876 in literature
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This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1876.
- February 24 – Premiere of first stage production of the verse-play Peer Gynt by Henrik Ibsen (published 1867) with incidental music by Edvard Grieg, in Christiania, Norway.
- February/March – The Harvard Lampoon humor magazine is founded in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
- March 14 – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Roma established in Rome.
- March – American librarian Melvil Dewey first publishes the Dewey Decimal Classification system.
- July – William Heffer takes over his first bookshop in Cambridge (England), primarily as a stationer at this date.
- Discovery of the first (1594) edition of Christopher Marlowe's play Edward II.
- Théâtre des Bouffes du Nord opened in Paris.
- W. H. Ainsworth
- Chetwynd Calverley
- The Leaguer of Lathom
- Machado de Assis – Helena
- Mrs G. Linnæus Banks – The Manchester Man
- Walter Besant and James Rice – The Golden Butterfly
- Rhoda Broughton – Joan
- Robert Buchanan – The Shadow of the Sword
- Wilkie Collins – The Two Destinies
- Alphonse Daudet – Jack
- Fyodor Dostoevsky – A Gentle Creature
- George Eliot – Daniel Deronda
- Benito Pérez Galdós – Doña Perfecta
- John Habberton – Helen's Babies
- Thomas Hardy – The Hand of Ethelberta
- Joris-Karl Huysmans – Martha
- Jens Peter Jacobsen – Fru Marie Grubbe
- Herman Melville – Clarel
- Anthony Trollope – The Prime Minister (complete in book form)
- Jules Verne – Michael Strogoff
- Charlotte M. Yonge – The Three Brides
- Émile Zola – Son Excellence Eugène Rougon
Children and young adults
- Émile Augier – Madame Caverlet
- Rosario de Acuña – Rienzi el tribuno
- W. S. Gilbert – Dan'l Druce, Blacksmith
- Henrik Ibsen – Peer Gynt
- Lewis Carroll – The Hunting of the Snark
- Edward Lear – Laughable Lyrics (published December, dated 1877)
- Julia A. Moore – The Sentimental Song Book
- William Ewart Gladstone – Bulgarian Horrors
- Søren Kierkegaard – Judge for Yourselves!
- Friedrich Nietzsche – Unzeitgemässe Betrachtungen (Untimely Meditations)
- Robert's Rules of Order
- George Smith (ed.) – The Chaldean Account of Genesis
- January 4 – Paola Drigo, Italian writer (died 1938)
- January 12 – Jack London, American writer (died 1916)
- February 16 – G. M. Trevelyan, English historian (died 1962)
- March 4 – Léon-Paul Fargue, French poet (died 1947)
- April 13 – Sidney Bradshaw Fay American historian (died 1967)
- April 22 – Ole Edvart Rolvaag, Norwegian-American writer (died 1931)
- May 10 – Ivan Cankar, Slovene dramatist and poet (died 1918)
- June 2 – Konstantin Trenyov, Russian dramatist (died 1945)
- July 1 – Susan Glaspell, American playwright and novelist (died 1948)
- July 12 – Max Jacob, French poet (died 1944)
- September 13 – Sherwood Anderson, American novelist (died 1941)
- October 31 – Natalie Clifford Barney, American writer and patron (died 1972)
- November 1 – Anne de Noailles, French writer (died 1933)
- December 22 – Thomas Mofolo, Sotho novelist (died 1948)
- January 7 – Juste Olivier, Swiss poet (born 1807)
- January 19 – George Julius Poulett Scrope, English political economist (born 1797)
- February 3 – Gino Capponi, Italian historian (born 1792)
- February 6 – Georgiana Chatterton, English novelist and travel writer (born 1806)
- February 27 – Afanasy Shchapov, Russian historian (born 1830)
- March 2 – Johannes Falke, German historian (born 1823)
- May 7 – William Buell Sprague, American biographer (born 1795)
- May 24 – Henry Kingsley, English novelist (born 1830)
- May 26 – František Palacký, Czech historian (born 1798)
- June 8 – George Sand, French novelist (born 1804)
- June 14 – Catherine Crowe, English novelist and children's writer (born 1803)
- June 27 – Harriet Martineau, English philosopher and social theorist (born 1802)
- July 14 – James Henry, Irish poet and scholar (born 1798)
- July 24 – John William Kaye, English military historian (born 1814)
- July 25 – Robert Caesar Childers, French-born English orientalist (born 1838)
- October 7 – Georg Heinrich Pertz, German historian (born 1795)
- November 24 – Maria Francesca Rossetti, English critic and translator (born 1827)
- December 30 – Christian Winther, Danish lyric poet (born 1796)
- Unknown date
- The following novels are set during this year
- Dewey, Melvil (1876). A Classification and Subject Index for Cataloguing and Arranging the Books and Pamphlets of a Library. OCLC 78870163. Retrieved 2012-07-31.
- Bounford, Julie E. (2016). This Book is About Heffers, The Bookshop That is Known All Over the World. Gottahavebooks. ISBN 9780993378133.
- The Atheneum, No. 2562, 2 December 1876.
- Leavis, Q. D. (1965). Fiction and the Reading Public (2nd ed.). London: Chatto & Windus.
- Everett, Jason M., ed. (2006). "1876". The People's Chronology. Thomson Gale.
- "A Chronology of Edward Lear's Life". Edward Lear Home Page. nonsenselit.org. 2012-08-10. Retrieved 2017-02-24.