1877 in archaeology
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The year 1877 in archaeology involved some significant events.
- Artist and photographer William Henry Jackson participates in the Hayden Survey of the Western United States, producing maps of Chaco Canyon, but no photographs due to technical problems.
- French diplomat and archaeologist Ernest de Sarzec begins excavation at Girsu in Mesopotamia (which he believes to be Lagash).
- City architect Charles Edward Davis begins extended excavation and reconstruction at the Roman Baths (Bath) in England.
- George Smith excavates Later Stone Age tools in caves near Smithfield, Free State.
- May 8 - Hermes and the Infant Dionysus (attributed to the sculptor Praxiteles, 4th century BC) is first uncovered at the site of the Temple of Hera, Olympia, Greece, by German archaeologist Ernst Curtius; it is later exhibited at the Archaeological Museum of Olympia.
- Canon William Greenwell - British Barrows: a record of the examination of sepulchral mounds in various parts of England; together with description of figures of skulls, general remarks on prehistoric crania, and an appendix by George Rolleston.
- John Postlethwaite - Mines and Mining in the Lake District.
- Ephraim G. Squier - Peru: Incidents of Travel and Exploration in the Land of the Incas.
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- May 17 - Witcham Gravel helmet, found, probably earlier this decade, in Cambridgeshire, England, is first displayed, to the Society of Antiquaries of London by Augustus Wollaston Franks.
- June 16 - Karel Absolon, Czech archaeologist (d. 1960)
- July 29 - Edward Thurlow Leeds, English archaeologist of the Anglo-Saxons (d. 1955)
- "Thursday, May 17th, 1877". Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of London. 2nd. VII: 225–235. 1877.
- Kaminski, Jaime; Sim, David (2014). "The production and deposition of the Witcham Gravel Helmet" (PDF). Proceedings of the Cambridge Antiquarian Society. CIII: 69–82.
- "Papers of Edward Thurlow Leeds". nationalarchives.gov.uk. Retrieved 25 May 2017.