1877 in literature
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This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1877.
- January 24 – Émile Zola's L'Assommoir (sometimes translated as "The Dram Shop"), 7th in his novel sequence Les Rougon-Macquart, is first published in book format a few weeks after conclusion of its serialization in Le Bien public (Paris). It sells more than 50,000 copies by the end of the year.
- February 24–March 17 – Robert Louis Stevenson's first published work of fiction, the novella "An Old Song", appears anonymously in four episodes in the magazine London.
- July – The ending of Leo Tolstoy's Anna Karenina is published in Russkiy vestnik.
- October – Robert Louis Stevenson publishes the short story "A Lodging for the Night" (in Temple Bar magazine), later collected in New Arabian Nights.
- October 15 – Edward L. Wheeler's first story featuring Deadwood Dick, set on the American frontier, opens the first number of Beadle's Half-Dime Library, published in New York.
- November 14 – Henrik Ibsen's first contemporary realist drama The Pillars of Society is premièred at the Odense Teater (having been first published on October 11 in Copenhagen).
- November 24 – Anna Sewell's novel Black Beauty, his grooms and companions: the autobiography of a horse "translated from the equine" is published by Jarrolds of Norwich in England. Her only book, published five months before her death arising from long-standing illness, it rapidly establishes its position as an all-time best-seller, going on to sell fifty million copies and becoming the sixth best seller in the English language.
- December 30 – Swedish dramatist August Strindberg marries his mistress, the divorced actress Siri von Essen, a member of the Finnish-Swedish minor nobility.
- Mitchell Library established in Glasgow.
- R. M. Ballantyne – The Settler and the Savage
- R. D. Blackmore – Erema; or, my father's sin
- Ned Buntline – Buffalo Bill Trails the Devil Head
- Bankim Chatterjee
- Ion Creangă – Harap Alb
- Fyodor Dostoevsky – "The Dream of a Ridiculous Man" (Сон смешного человека, short story)
- Gustave Flaubert – Three Tales
- Henry James – The American
- Jan Neruda – Povídky malostranské (Tales of the Little Quarter)
- Margaret Oliphant – Carità
- William Clark Russell – The Wreck of the Grosvenor
- Theodor Storm – Aquis Submersus
- Anthony Trollope
- The American Senator
- Is He Popenjoy?
- Jacint Verdaguer – L'Atlàntida
- Jules Verne
- Émile Zola – L'Assommoir
Children and young people
- Louisa May Alcott – Under the Lilacs
- Mary Louisa Molesworth (Mrs. Molesworth) – The Cuckoo Clock
- Anna Sewell – Black Beauty
- Mrs. O. F. Walton – A Peep Behind the Scenes
- James Albery – The Pink Dominos
- José Echegaray – Saint or Madman? (O locura o santidad)
- W. S. Gilbert – Engaged
- Henrik Ibsen – The Pillars of Society (Samfundets støtter)
- Adolphe L'Arronge – Hasemann's Daughters
- Helena Blavatsky – Isis Unveiled
- Florence Caddy – Household Organisation
- Amelia Edwards – A Thousand Miles up the Nile
- Kenneth Mackenzie – Royal Masonic Cyclopedia
- Lewis H. Morgan – Ancient Society
- Shen Fu (沈復) – Six Records of a Floating Life (autobiography; first printed edition)
- Henry Miers Elliot – The History of India, as Told by Its Own Historians
- January 4 – Sextil Pușcariu, Romanian linguist, philologist and journalist (died 1948)
- February 7 – Alfred Williams, English "hammerman poet" (died 1930)
- April 29 – Henri Stahl, Romanian historian, short story writer, memoirist and stenographer (died 1942)
- June 11 – Renée Vivien, born Pauline Mary Tarn, English-born French-language Symbolist poet (died 1909)
- July 2 – Hermann Hesse, German-Swiss poet, novelist and painter (died 1962)
- August 27 – Lloyd C. Douglas, American novelist and pastor (died 1951)
- September 1 – Rex Beach, American novelist and playwright (died 1949)
- September 9 – James Agate, English diarist and critic (died 1947)
- Unknown date – Donald Maxwell, English travel writer and illustrator (died 1936)
- April – Ernst Moritz Ludwig Ettmüller, German philologist (born 1802)
- June 15 – Caroline Norton (née Caroline Sheridan), English poet, pamphleteer and social reformer (born 1808)
- June 17 – John Stevens Cabot Abbott, American historian and pastor (born 1805)
- September 12 – Emily Pepys, English child diarist (born 1833)
- October 10 – Johann Georg Baiter, Swiss philologist and critic (born 1801)
- October 16 – Théodore Barrière, French dramatist (born 1823)
- October 28 – Julia Kavanagh, Irish novelist (born 1824)
- December 12 – José de Alencar, Brazilian novelist (born 1829)
- Stenbock-Fermor, Elizabeth (1975). The Architecture of Anna Karenina. B.R. Grüner. ISBN 1588116751.
- Johannsen, Albert (1950). "Wheeler, Edward L". The House of Beadle and Adams and its dime and nickel novels: the story of a vanished literature. DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Libraries. Retrieved 2014-05-30.
- Hanssen, Jens-Morten (2001-08-10). "Facts about Pillars of Society". Ibsen.net. Retrieved 2013-02-08.
- "Fifty million copies of Black Beauty have been sold in the years since Anna Sewell's publisher paid her £20 for the story". The Times. London. 29 February 2008.
- Wells, E. B.; Grimshaw, A., eds. (1989). The annotated "Black Beauty".
- "A Chronology of Edward Lear's Life". Edward Lear Home Page. nonsenselit.org. 2012-08-10. Retrieved 2017-02-24.