1877 in rail transport
|Years in rail transport|
This article lists events related to rail transport that occurred in 1877.
- May 1 – Opening of first railway in Burma (Myanmar), from Rangoon (Yangon) to Prome (Pyay) (257 km (160 mi) of metre gauge).[page needed]
- July 14 – Workers on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad walk off their jobs in an act that is seen as the start of the great railroad strike of 1877.
- July 16 – Railroad workers on strike in Martinsburg, West Virginia, derail and loot a train; United States President Rutherford B. Hayes calls in Federal troops to break the strike.
- July 19 – The New York and Manhattan Beach Railway (later absorbed by the Long Island Rail Road) opens.
- July 20 – Baltimore and Ohio Railroad workers riot in Baltimore, Maryland. Nine railroad employees are killed as the Maryland militia attempts to quell the riot.
- July 21 – Baltimore and Ohio Railroad workers in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, stage a sympathy strike for the workers killed in Baltimore, Maryland the day before. Rioting erupts throughout Pittsburgh as a result.
- July 24 – Joel Tiffany is awarded U.S. Patent 193,357 for his design of the first successful refrigerator car.
- August 31 – The first 2 ft (610 mm) gauge narrow gauge railroad in America, the Billerica and Bedford Railroad, begins operations.
- November 4 – Opening of Gustave Eiffel's Maria Pia Bridge carrying the railway across the Douro into Porto, Portugal.
- December 27 – The Quebec, Montreal, Ottawa and Occidental Railway opens, traversing a route from Montreal through Lachute to Hull.
Unknown date events
- Tracks of the Southern Pacific Railroad from Los Angeles, cross the Colorado River at Yuma, Arizona.
- William Henry Vanderbilt, son of Cornelius Vanderbilt, is promoted to President of the New York Central system.
- Second railway in Estonia connecting Tapa (on the Tallinn–Saint Petersburg line) with Tartu, the biggest city in Southern Estonia (at this time in the Governorate of Livonia) is opened.
- Approximate date – Ephraim Shay develops the first Shay locomotive.
- March 7 – Walter Kidde, president of New York, Susquehanna and Western Railway 1937–1943 (d. 1943).
Unknown date births
- January 4 – Cornelius Vanderbilt, American financier who created the New York Central and Hudson River Railroad from the merger of several smaller New York railroads (b. 1794).
- September 2 – Alvin Adams, founder of Adams Express, one of the first LCL freight companies in the United States, dies (b. 1804).
Unknown date deaths
- Oliver Ames, Jr., president of Union Pacific Railroad 1866–1871, brother of Oakes Ames (b. 1807).
- Matthew Baird, second owner of Baldwin Locomotive Works (b. 1817).
- Jean-Jacques Meyer, French-born steam locomotive designer (b. 1804)
- Brief biographies of major mechanical engineers. Retrieved February 9, 2005.
- Rivanna Chapter, National Railway Historical Society (2005), This Month in Railroad History: July. Retrieved July 12 and July 22, 2005.
- White, John H. Jr. (Spring 1986). "America's most noteworthy railroaders". Railroad History. 154: 9–15. ISSN 0090-7847. OCLC 1785797.
- White, John H. Jr. (1968). A history of the American locomotive; its development: 1830-1880. New York, NY: Dover Publications. ISBN 0-486-23818-0.
- Marshall, John (1989). The Guinness Railway Book. Enfield: Guinness Books. ISBN 0-8511-2359-7. OCLC 24175552.
- Rivanna Chapter, National Railway Historical Society (2005). "This Month in Railroad History – July". Archived from the original on June 14, 2006. Retrieved July 14, 2006.
- Foner, Philip S. (1977). The Great Labor Uprising of 1877. ISBN 0-87348-828-8.
- "The New York and Manhattan Beach Railway". Archived from the original on July 17, 2005. Retrieved July 18, 2005.
- "A Chronology of Bedford's Railroad History". March 18, 2000. Retrieved August 31, 2005.
- Colin Churcher's Railway Pages (December 12, 2005), Significant dates in Ottawa railway history Archived April 27, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved December 27, 2005.
- "Ajalugu" (in Estonian). Eesti Raudtee. Retrieved 2012-04-23.
- Robert E. Mohowski (2003). The New York Susuquehanna & Western Railroad. The Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0-8018-7222-7. OCLC 50731001.
- Spencer Marks (2005), The Ames Family of North Easton, MA. Retrieved December 29, 2005.
- Union Pacific Railroad, Union Pacific: Significant Individuals. Retrieved December 29, 2005.