1877 in science

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List of years in science (table)

The year 1877 in science and technology involved some significant events, listed below.

Events[edit]

Astronomy[edit]

Cartography[edit]

Chemistry[edit]

  • Ludwig Boltzmann establishes statistical derivations of many important physical and chemical concepts, including entropy, and distributions of molecular velocities in the gas phase.[3]

Earth sciences[edit]

History of science[edit]

Mathematics[edit]

Medicine[edit]

Physics[edit]

Technology[edit]

Publications[edit]

Awards[edit]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Clegg, Brian (2007). The Man Who Stopped Time. Washington, DC: Joseph Henry Press. ISBN 978-0-309-10112-7.
  2. ^ Peirce, C. S. (1877). "Appendix No. 15. A Quincuncial Projection of the Sphere". Report of the Superintendent of the United States Coast Survey Showing the Progress of the Survey for Fiscal Year Ending with June 1877. pp. 191–194.
  3. ^ Weisstein, Eric W. (1996). "Boltzmann, Ludwig (1844–1906)". Eric Weisstein's World of Scientific Biography. Wolfram Research Products. Retrieved 2007-03-24.
  4. ^ Eisenlohr, August (1877). Ein mathematisches Handbuch der alten Aegypter (Papyrus Rhind des British Museum). Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs. Retrieved 2011-10-13.
  5. ^ Mouton, Wolfgang G.; Bessell, Justin R.; Maddern, Guy J. (1998). "Looking Back to the Advent of Modern Endoscopy: 150th Birthday of Maximilian Nitze" (PDF). World Journal of Surgery. 22 (12): 1256–8. doi:10.1007/s002689900555. PMID 9841754. Retrieved 2011-10-17.
  6. ^ U.S. Patent 463,569.
  7. ^ U.S. Patent 199,141.
  8. ^ U.S. Patent 203,018.
  9. ^ Scientific American 17 May 1878.