1878 United States elections

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1878 United States elections
Midterm elections
Election dayNovember 5
Incumbent presidentRutherford B. Hayes (Republican)
Next Congress46th
Senate elections
Overall controlDemocratic Gain
Seats contested26 of 76 seats[1]
Net seat changeDemocratic +6[2]
House elections
Overall controlDemocratic Hold
Seats contestedAll 293 voting seats
Net seat changeGreenback +13[2]
1878 House of Representatives election results

  Democratic seat
  Republican seat
  Independent seat

The 1878 United States elections occurred in the middle of Republican President Rutherford B. Hayes's term, during the Third Party System. It was the first election following the end of the Reconstruction Era, and Redeemers had gained back control of most Southern governments following the Compromise of 1877. Members of the 46th United States Congress were chosen in this election. Democrats won control of the Senate for the first time since the start of the Civil War. Democrats lost a majority in the House, but retained a plurality and control of the chamber.

In the House, Democrats and Republicans both lost seats to the Greenback Party and a group of independent Democrats, with the Democrats retaining only a plurality.[3] Democrat Samuel J. Randall won re-election as Speaker of the House.

In the Senate, Democrats picked up several seats, taking control of the chamber.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Not counting special elections.
  2. ^ a b Congressional seat gain figures only reflect the results of the regularly-scheduled elections, and do not take special elections into account.
  3. ^ "Party Divisions of the House of Representatives". United States House of Representatives. Retrieved 25 June 2014.
  4. ^ "Party Division in the Senate, 1789-Present". United States Senate. Retrieved 25 June 2014.