1879 in the United States
|1879 in the United States|
38 stars (1877–90)
|Timeline of United States history|
|History of the United States (1865–1918)|
Events from the year 1879 in the United States.
- President: Rutherford B. Hayes (R-Ohio)
- Vice President: William A. Wheeler (R-New York)
- Chief Justice: Morrison Waite (Ohio)
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Samuel J. Randall (D-Pennsylvania)
- Congress: 45th (until March 4), 46th (starting March 4)
- January – The constitution of California is ratified.
- January 1 – The Specie Resumption Act takes effect: the Greenback is valued the same as gold for the first time since the American Civil War.
- February 12 – At New York City's Madison Square Garden, the first artificial ice rink in North America opens.
- February 15 – Women's rights: American President Rutherford B. Hayes signs a bill allowing female attorneys to argue cases before the Supreme Court of the United States.
- February 22 – In Utica, New York, Frank Woolworth opens the first of many of 5 and 10-cent Woolworth stores.
- March 3 – The United States Geological Survey is created.
- April 12 – Mary Baker Eddy founds the Church of Christ, Scientist in Boston.
- May 10 – The Archaeological Institute of America (AIA) is formed.
- May 30 – New York City's Gilmore's Garden is renamed Madison Square Garden by William Henry Vanderbilt, and is opened to the public at 26th Street and Madison Avenue.
- July 1 – Christian Restorationist Charles Taze Russell publishes the first issue of the monthly Zion's Watch Tower and Herald of Christ's Presence which, as The Watchtower, will become the most widely circulated magazine in the world.
- July 8 – The ill-fated U.S. Jeannette Expedition departs San Francisco in an attempt to reach the North Pole by pioneering a route through the Bering Strait.
- July 19 – Doc Holliday kills for the first time after a man shoots up Holliday's New Mexico saloon.
- September – Henry George self-publishes his major work Progress and Poverty.
- September 25 – Deadwood, South Dakota fire: 2000 people are left homeless and 300 buildings destroyed; total loss of property is estimated at $3 million.
- September 29 – Meeker Massacre: Nathan Meeker and others are killed in an uprising at the White River Ute Indian Reservation in Colorado.
- October 22 – Using a filament of carbonized thread, Thomas Edison tests the first practical electric light bulb (it lasts 13½ hours before burning out).
- November – Simmons College of Kentucky, a historically black school, is founded.
- December 31 – Thomas Edison demonstrates incandescent lighting to the public for the first time in Menlo Park, New Jersey.
- Undated – Laton Alton Huffman photographs Native American woman Pretty Nose.
- January 3 – Grace Coolidge, wife of Calvin Coolidge, First Lady of the United States, Second Lady of the United States (died 1957)
- February 3 – Guy Gillette, United States Senator from Iowa from 1936 until 1945. (died 1973)
- February 12 – George McGill, United States Senator from Kansas from 1930 util 1939. (died 1963)
- May 3 – Clyde L. Herring, United States Senator from Iowa from 1937 util 1943. (died 1945)
- August 2 – James M. Tunnell, United States Senator from Delaware from 1941 until 1947. (died 1957)
- August 27 – Otis F. Glenn, United States Senator from Illinois from 1928 until 1933. (died 1959)
- November 28 – Guy V. Howard, United States Senator from Minnesota from 1936 until 1937. (died 1954)
- December 15 – Bert H. Miller, United States Senator from Idaho in 1949. (died 1949)
- December 26 – Christie Benet, United States Senator from South Carolina in 1918. (died 1951)
- February 2 – Richard Henry Dana Sr., poet, critic and lawyer (born 1787)
- March 2 – Wade Keyes, Acting Confederate States Attorney General in 1861 and 1863-1864 (born 1821)
- March 16 – George Goldthwaite, U.S. Senator from Alabama from 1871 to 1877 (born 1809)
- April 12 – Richard Taylor, Confederate general (born 1826)
- April 30 – Sarah Josepha Hale, writer (born 1788)
- June 1 – James Shields, U.S. Senator from Illinois from 1849 to 1855, from Minnesota from 1858 to 1859 and from Missouri in 1879 (born 1810 in Ireland)
- June 26 – Richard H. Anderson, United States Army officer during the Mexican-American War, Confederate general during the American Civil War (born 1821)
- July 4 – Sarah Dorsey, novelist and historian (born 1829)
- July 7 – George Caleb Bingham, realist painter (born 1811)
- July 11 – William Allen, U.S. Senator from Ohio from 1837 to 1849 (born 1803)
- July 16 – Frederick Langenheim, pioneer of panoramic photography (born 1809 in Germany)
- July 26 – Robert Ward Johnson, U.S. Senator from Arkansas from 1862 to 1865 (born 1814)
- August 30 – John Bell Hood, Confederate general (born 1831)
- September 8 – William Morris Hunt, painter (born 1824)
- September 30 – Francis Gillette, U.S. Senator from Connecticut from 1854 to 1855 (born 1807)
- October 11 – Ethel Lynn Beers, poet (born 1827)
- October 13 – Henry Charles Carey, economist (born 1793)
- October 31
- November 1 – Zachariah Chandler, U.S. Senator from Michigan from 1857 to 1875 and in 1879 (born 1813)
- December 31 – George S. Houston, Governor of Alabama from 1874 to 1878 and U.S. Senator from Alabama in 1879 (born 1811)
- "Biography of Mary Baker Eddy". ChristianScience.com.
- Commercially published in 1880 by D. Appleton & Company, New York.
- "Review: The High’s "Go West!" finds sweet spot where popular appeal and substance meet". ArtsATL. Retrieved 2015-07-27.
- Media related to 1879 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons