1882 in Canada
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|Years in Canada:||1879 1880 1881 1882 1883 1884 1885|
|Centuries:||18th century · 19th century · 20th century|
|Decades:||1850s 1860s 1870s 1880s 1890s 1900s 1910s|
|Years:||1879 1880 1881 1882 1883 1884 1885|
|Part of a series on the|
|History of Canada|
|By Provinces and Territories|
Events from the year 1882 in Canada.
- Governor general – John Campbell (viceregal consort – Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll)
- Prime minister – John A. Macdonald
- Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia – Clement Francis Cornwall
- Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba – Joseph Édouard Cauchon (until September 29) then James Cox Aikins
- Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick – Robert Duncan Wilmot
- Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia – Adams George Archibald
- Lieutenant Governor of Ontario – John Beverley Robinson
- Lieutenant Governor of Prince Edward Island – Thomas Heath Haviland
- Lieutenant Governor of Quebec – Théodore Robitaille
- Premier of British Columbia – George Anthony Walkem (until June 13) then Robert Beaven
- Premier of Manitoba – John Norquay
- Premier of New Brunswick – John James Fraser (until May 25) then Daniel Lionel Hanington
- Premier of Nova Scotia – Simon Hugh Holmes (until May 23) then John Sparrow David Thompson (May 25 to July 18) then William Thomas Pipes (from August 3)
- Premier of Ontario – Oliver Mowat
- Premier of Prince Edward Island – William Wilfred Sullivan
- Premier of Quebec – Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau (until July 31) then Joseph-Alfred Mousseau
- Lieutenant Governor of Keewatin – Joseph Édouard Cauchon (until September 29) then James Cox Aikins
- Lieutenant Governor of the North-West Territories - Edgar Dewdney
- May 8 - Prince Edward Island election: William Wilfred Sullivan's Conservatives win a fourth consecutive majority
- May 17 - Provisional districts of the North-West Territories are established between Manitoba and British Columbia: the districts of Assiniboia, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and Athabaska
- May 25 - John Sparrow David Thompson becomes premier of Nova Scotia, replacing Simon H. Holmes.
- June - New Brunswick election
- June 20
- June 13 - Robert Beaven becomes premier of British Columbia, replacing George Walkem.
- July 20 - British Columbia election
- July 31 - Joseph-Alfred Mousseau becomes premier of Quebec, replacing Sir Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau.
- August 3 - William T. Pipes becomes premier of Nova Scotia, replacing John Sparrow David Thompson.
- December 30 - The Royal Society of Canada is founded.
Full date unknown
- Daniel Hanington becomes premier of New Brunswick, replacing James Fraser.
- John Ware, a Texas cowboy, moves to Alberta. He introduces longhorn cattle into Canada and pioneers the development of rodeo.
- Newfoundland election
- The North-West Mounted Police (which later became the Royal Canadian Mounted Police) established a post in 1882 in Regina, Saskatchewan. The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (R.C.M.P.) have since established their main training academy there, which is called "Depot", or Depot Division.
- The North Bay Police Service is founded.
- October 21 - The Canadian Rugby Football Union is founded.
January to June
- January 8 - David Milne, painter, printmaker and writer (d.1953)
- February 1 - Louis St. Laurent, politician and 12th Prime Minister of Canada (d.1973)
- February 2 - Geoffrey O'Hara, composer, singer and music professor (d.1967)
- February 4 - E. J. Pratt, poet (d.1964)
- February 11 - John Queen, politician (d.1946)
- March 6 - Barbara Hanley, first woman to be elected a mayor in Canada (d.1959)
- May 26 - Charles Edward Bothwell, politician and barrister (d.1967)
- June 9 - Robert Kerr, sprinter and Olympic gold medalist (d.1963)
July to December
- July 19 - Sarah Ramsland, politician and first woman elected to the Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan (d.1964)
- October 3 - A. Y. Jackson, painter, one of the Group of Seven (d.1974)
- December 18 - Albert James Bradshaw, politician (d.1956)
- December 25 - John Stewart McDiarmid, politician and Lieutenant-Governor of Manitoba (d.1965)
- February 1 - Maurice Laframboise, lawyer, judge and politician (b.1821)
- March 25 - Charles-René-Léonidas d'Irumberry de Salaberry, militia officer (b.1820)
- August 7 - Antoine Gérin-Lajoie, poet and novelist (b.1824)
- September 15 - Jacques Philippe Lantier, businessman, author and politician (b.1814)
- December 9 - Hugh Allan, businessman (b.1810)