1883 in art
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- 20 April – Claude Monet moves to the house in Giverny which will be his main residence for the rest of his life.
- 28 October – Les XX established in Brussels by Octave Maus.
See also: Category:1883 sculptures
- Michael Ancher – Redningsbåden køres gennem klitterne ("The Lifeboat is Taken through the Dunes")
- Arnold Böcklin – Isle of the Dead (Die Toteninsel, 3rd version)
- Gustave Caillebotte – Portrait of Henri Cordier
- William Merritt Chase
- Mrs Meigs at the Piano Organ
- Portrait of Miss Dora Wheeler
- John Collier – Marion Collier
- Pierre Auguste Cot – The Storm
- Pascal Dagnan-Bouveret – Hamlet and the Gravediggers
- Pierre Puvis de Chavannes
- Luke Fildes – The Village Wedding
- William Powell Frith – A Private View at the Royal Academy, 1881
- Jean-Léon Gérôme – The Christian Martyrs' Last Prayer
- James Guthrie
- Sydney Prior Hall – The three daughters of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra
- Ivan Kramskoi – Portrait of an Unknown Woman
- John Lavery – The Bridge at Grez
- Benjamin Williams Leader – The Valley of the Llugwy
- Charles-Auguste Lebourg – Labour (sculpture)
- Konstantin Makovsky – A Boyar Wedding Feast
- Claude Monet – Stormy Sea in Étretat
- William Morris – Strawberry Thief textile design
- Walter Osborne – Apple Gathering, Quimperlé
- Paul Philippoteaux – Gettysburg Cyclorama
- Pierre-Auguste Renoir:
- Ilya Repin – Religious Procession in Kursk Province
- William Wetmore Story – Chief Justice John Marshall (bronze)
- James Tissot
- Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec – Self-portrait in a mirror
- Jan van Beers – Portrait of a Young Woman
- Vincent van Gogh
- Cottages (continuing series)
- Peasant Character Studies (continuing series)
- Bulb Fields
- Cows in the Meadow (lost)
- Drawbridge in Nieuw-Amsterdam (watercolor)
- Farm with Stacks of Peat
- Farmhouse Among Trees
- Farmhouses in Loosduinen near The Hague at Twilight
- Footbridge across a Ditch
- Landscape with a Church at Twilight
- Landscape with Dunes
- Landscape with Trees (watercolor)
- Landscape with Wheelbarrow (watercolor)
- Marshy Landscape
- Meadows near Rijswijk and the Schenkweg
- Peatery in Drenthe
- Three Figures near a Canal with Windmill
- A Wind-Beaten Tree
- Fritz von Uhde – Summer Resort
- W. L. Wyllie – Toil, Glitter, Grime and Wealth on a Flowing Tide
- 3 February – Camille Bombois, French naïve painter (died 1970).
- 18 February – Jacques Ochs, French artist, épée and foil fencer and Olympic gold medallist (died 1971).
- 12 April
- 24 June – Jean Metzinger, French painter and art theorist (died 1956).
- 16 July – Charles Sheeler, American modernist painter and photographer (died 1965).
- 31 July – Erich Heckel, German painter and printmaker (died 1970).
- 19 August – Coco Chanel, French fashion designer (died 1972).
- 14 September – Richard Gerstl, Austrian painter and draughtsman (died 1908).
- 9 November – Charles Demuth, American painter (died 1935).
- 4 December – Felice Casorati, Italian painter (died 1963).
- 24 December – Stojan Aralica, famous Serbian Impressionist painter and academic (died 1980).
- 26 December – Maurice Utrillo, French painter (died 1955).
- date unknown – Charles Jourdan, French fashion designer (died 1976).
- January 12 – Clark Mills, American sculptor (born 1810)
- January 19 – Guillaume Geefs, Belgian sculptor (born 1805)
- January 23 – Gustave Doré, French illustrator (born 1832)
- February 26 – Miguel Ângelo Lupi, Portuguese painter (born 1826)
- April 30 – Édouard Manet, French painter (born 1832; died following amputation)
- July 14 – Edward Calvert, English painter and printmaker (born 1799)
- August 19 – József Borsos, Hungarian portrait painter and photographer (born 1821)
- November 24 – Albert Fitch Bellows, American landscape painter (born 1829)
- December 11 – Richard Doyle, British illustrator (born 1824)