1883 in rail transport
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|Years in rail transport|
This article lists events related to rail transport that occurred in 1883.
- 1 Events
- 2 Births
- 3 Deaths
- 4 References
- January 10 – The Columbus, Chicago and Indiana Central Railway enters bankruptcy and is sold at foreclosure.
- January 12 – The second transcontinental railroad line in North America is completed as the Southern Pacific Railroad tracks from Los Angeles, California, meet the Galveston, Harrisburg and San Antonio at the Pecos River. The golden spike is driven by Col. Tom Pierce, the GH&SA president, atop the Pecos River High Bridge
- January 29 – Narrow gauge Bridgton and Saco River Railroad opens to Bridgton, Maine.
- February – Central Pacific Railroad completes construction of the largest locomotive in the world for its time, El Gobernador.
- May 5 – Construction of the Swanage Railway in England begins.
- August 4 – Volk's Electric Railway, the first of its kind in Britain, opens at Brighton.
- August 11 – The California Southern Railroad receives a court order in its favor ordering the Southern Pacific Railroad (SP) to allow it to cross SP tracks at Colton, California.
- August 18 – Construction on the Canadian Pacific Railway reaches Calgary, Alberta.
- September 5 – Narrow gauge Monson Railroad opens to Monson, Maine.
- September 8 – Northern Pacific Railway completes its connection to the Pacific coast in Washington Territory with a final spike ceremony at Gold Creek, Montana.
- September 13 – A month after a frog war with the Southern Pacific Railroad in Colton, California, the first California Southern Railroad train arrives in San Bernardino.
- September 28 – Formal opening of first electrified section of Giant's Causeway Tramway in Ireland, utilising hydroelectricity.
- October 4 – The first ever Express d'Orient passenger train service leaves Paris for Constantinople (now Istanbul) in the Ottoman Empire (Turkey), by way of Munich, Vienna, Budapest, Bucharest, Giurgiu, then, with passengers crossing the Danube by boat, a second train from Rustchuk to Varna, and from there by boat Espero to Constantinople. The train is officially renamed Orient Express in 1891.
- October 30 – Two Clan na Gael dynamite bombs explode in the London Underground.
- November 18 – Standard time zones introduced on American and Canadian railroads, as agreed by the General Time Convention.
Unknown date events
- The National Railway Appliance Exhibition is held in Chicago, Illinois.
- William Henry Vanderbilt resigns from the presidency of the New York Central system and appoints his heirs to chairmanship positions in the system's constituent railroad companies. James H. Rutter succeeds Vanderbilt as president.
- Franklin B. Gowen retires from the presidency of the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad.
- First electric railways in North America: experimental lines at Toronto International Exhibition and by Leo Daft in Newark, New Jersey.
- Philip Armour founds Armour Refrigerator Line, as a subsidiary of his meatpacking firm Armour and Company, to operate refrigerator cars that will carry Armour meat products.
- The Colorado Midland Railway is incorporated.
- Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad fully acquires the Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad.
- January 14 – William Valentine Wood, president of the London, Midland and Scottish Railway 1941-8 (d. 1959).
- July 23 – Ginery Twichell, president of the Boston and Worcester Railroad beginning in 1857, president of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway 1870-1873 (b. 1811).
- July 24 – Thomas Swann, president of Baltimore and Ohio Railroad 1847-1853, dies (b. 1809).
- October 4 – Henry Farnam, president of the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad 1854-1863 (b. 1803).
Unknown date deaths
- William Swinburne, American locomotive designer and builder (b. 1805).
- Association of American Railroads (January 2005), This Month in Railroad History - January. Retrieved May 23, 2005.
- Depew, Chauncey M. My Memories of Eighty Years. Retrieved February 23, 2005.
- Franklin Gowen. Retrieved March 2, 2005.
- Left, Sarah, The Guardian Unlimited (January 15, 2002), Key dates in Britain's railway history. Retrieved August 4, 2005.
- Rivanna Chapter National Railway Historical Society (2005), This Month in Railroad History: August. Retrieved August 16, 2005.
- White, John H., Jr. (1968). A history of the American locomotive; its development: 1830-1880. New York, NY: Dover Publications. ISBN 0-486-23818-0.
- Jones, Robert C. (1993). Two Feet to the Lakes. Pacific Fast Mail. p. 31. ISBN 0-915713-26-8.
- Diebert, Timothy S. and Strapac, Joseph A. (1987). Southern Pacific Company Steam Locomotive Conpendium. Shade Tree Books. ISBN 0-930742-12-5.
- Rivanna Chapter National Railway Historical Society. "This month in railroad history: March". Archived from the original on 17 April 2006. Retrieved 29 March 2006.
- Santa Fe Railroad (1945). Along Your Way. Chicago, Illinois: Rand McNally.
- Duke, Donald, and Kistler, Stan (1963). Santa Fe ...Steel Rails Through California. San Marino, California: Golden West Books. p. 27. ISBN 0-87095-009-6.
- Waters, Lawrence L. (1950). Steel Trails to Santa Fe. Lawrence, Kansas: University of Kansas Press. pp. 43–44.
- Jones, Robert C. (1998). Two Feet to the Quarries. Evergreen Press. p. 9. ISBN 0-9667264-0-5.
- Signor, John R. (1988). The Los Angeles and Salt Lake Railroad Company; Union Pacific's Historic Salt Lake Route. San Marino, California: Golden West Books. p. 17. ISBN 0-87095-101-7.
- Gillham, J. C. (1988). The Age of the Electric Train: Electric Trains in Britain since 1883. London: Ian Allan. ISBN 0-7110-1392-6.
- NY Times Archive - October 10, 1883 "Railway Time Belt William (Frederick) Allen" - Retrieved April 5, 2009
- "Electricity – the Magic Medium" (PDF). IEEE. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
- "Ginery Twichell". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 2005-07-15.