1884 in Canada
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|Years in Canada:||1881 1882 1883 1884 1885 1886 1887|
|Centuries:||18th century · 19th century · 20th century|
|Decades:||1850s 1860s 1870s 1880s 1890s 1900s 1910s|
|Years:||1881 1882 1883 1884 1885 1886 1887|
|Part of a series on the|
|History of Canada|
|By Provinces and Territories|
Events from the year 1884 in Canada.
- Governor general – Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice (viceregal consort – Maud Petty-Fitzmaurice, Marchioness of Lansdowne)
- Prime minister – John A. Macdonald
- Chief Justice – William Johnstone Ritchie (New Brunswick)
- Parliament – 5th
- Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia – Clement Francis Cornwall
- Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba – James Cox Aikins
- Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick – Robert Duncan Wilmot
- Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia – Matthew Henry Richey
- Lieutenant Governor of Ontario – John Beverley Robinson
- Lieutenant Governor of Prince Edward Island – Thomas H. Haviland (until July 18) then Andrew Archibald Macdonald
- Lieutenant Governor of Quebec – Théodore Robitaille (until October 4) then Louis-Rodrigue Masson
- Premier of British Columbia – William Smithe
- Premier of Manitoba – John Norquay
- Premier of New Brunswick – Andrew George Blair
- Premier of Nova Scotia – William Thomas Pipes (until July 15) then William Stevens Fielding (from July 28)
- Premier of Ontario – Oliver Mowat
- Premier of Prince Edward Island – William Wilfred Sullivan
- Premier of Quebec – Joseph-Alfred Mousseau (until January 23) then John Jones Ross
- Lieutenant Governor of Keewatin – James Cox Aikins
- Lieutenant Governor of the North-West Territories – Edgar Dewdney
- January 2 – "Humber Railway Disaster" 32 men and boys were killed upon the head-on collision of a Grand Trunk Railway commuter train with an unscheduled freight train #42C near Toronto, Ontario. Most of the dead were workers being transported on the freight train to the Ontario Bolt Works in Swansea.
- January 10 – David Scott elected as the first mayor of Regina
- January 17 – The Parliament Building's new electric lights were turned on, for the first time.
- January 23 – John Jones Ross becomes premier of Quebec, replacing Joseph-Alfred Mousseau.
- July 28 – William Fielding becomes premier of Nova Scotia, replacing William Pipes.
- September 15 – The Nile Voyageurs depart for Africa
- October 15 – The La Presse newspaper is founded
- Canadian Parliament passes the Indian Advancement Act, encouraging democratic elections of chiefs. Mohawks at St. Regis, Ontario, resist the provision, preferring their traditional method of choosing leaders.
January to June
- February 10 – Rork Scott Ferguson, politician (d.unknown)
- February 18 – Andrew Watson Myles, politician (d.1970)
- April 6 – Walter Huston, actor (d.1950)
- April 12 – Maurice Brasset, politician and lawyer (d.1971)
- April 30 – Murdoch Mackay, politician (d.1963)
- May 1 – Henry Norwest, sniper in World War I (d.1918)
- June 11 – William George Bock, politician (d.1973)
July to December
- July 25 – Davidson Black, paleoanthropologist (d.1934)
- August 27 – John Edward Brownlee, politician and 5th Premier of Alberta (d.1961)
- September 2 – Angus MacInnis, politician (d.1964)
- September 27 – Silby Barrett, labour leader
- December 15 – James Macdonnell, soldier, lawyer and politician (d.1973)
- January 14 – Pierre-Eustache Dostaler, farmer and politician (b.1809)
- January 31 – Charles Dewey Day, lawyer, judge and politician (b.1806)
- February 20 – Abram William Lauder, lawyer and politician (b.1834)