1888 British Lions tour to New Zealand and Australia
|1888 British Lions Tour to New Zealand & Australia|
|Date||28 April – 3 October|
|Tour captain(s)|| Robert Seddon
|1888 British Lions tour to New Zealand and Australia|
The 1888 British Isles tour to New Zealand and Australia was a tour by a British rugby union team, known at the time as the "English Footballers", throughout New Zealand and Australia. Although a private venture not organised by any official body, this was the first major tour of the Southern Hemisphere undertaken by a European rugby team. It paved the way for future tours by teams which are now known as British and Irish Lions.
The team boarded the SS Kaikoura at Gravesend on 9 March 1888, returning to England on the same ship on 11 November. While in Australia and New Zealand the team played a number of state, provincial, and invitation sides, but did not play any international teams. They played 35 rugby matches, winning 27, drawing 6, and losing 2. Only four of the touring party had played, or would play, for their country; Seddon, Andrew Stoddart and Tom Kent for England, and Willie Thomas for Wales.
They also played a smaller number of Victorian rules (Australian rules) football matches, but the side had no prior experience of this before arriving in Australia. The team's legacy was honoured in 2013 when the team, along with initial captain Robert Seddon, were inducted into the World Rugby Hall of Fame.
The 1888 tour was organised by three professional English cricketers, James Lillywhite, Alfred Shaw and Arthur Shrewsbury, but they could not obtain patronage from the Rugby Football Union who refused to patronise by the tour, though the RFU was happy for the tour to go ahead, provided there was no infingement of the rules of amateurism. The team was led by England's Robert L Seddon and took in 35 games, though no test matches against international opposition. Of the games played the tourists won twenty seven, drew six and lost two matches.
The tour was undertaken by Shaw and Shrewsbury as a purely financial exercise with little regard to producing a "British Isles" team, and the team itself is more often recorded as an English team. The two managers were not unfamiliar with touring sides, having organised cricket teams to Australia, and the rugby tour was a follow on from the financially disastrous England Cricket tour of 1887. The rugby tour was not an economic success either and lost both managers money. Worse was to occur when team captain Seddon, drowned on 15 August in an accident while sculling on the Hunter River in West Maitland. The captaincy was then passed to Andrew Stoddart a future England rugby captain and Wisden Cricketer of the Year.
A further economic issue that related to the tour was the burgeoning professional movement that was gathering momentum in England at the time. Rugby players and clubs in Britain were divided by the growing belief that players should be paid for their time playing their sport. The growing popularity of the now professional Association Football was causing many, especially in the North of England, to challenge the amateur standing of the union code. One of the catalysts to the split between amateur union code and the future league code, was when Jack P. Clowes, a member of the 1888 tour, was designated a 'professional' sportsman after he accepted £15 to buy equipment shortly before he left for Australia. The other players on the tour were then required to sign an affidavit to state they were not to be paid for playing rugby when in Australia and New Zealand.
The tourists played in red, white and blue hooped jerseys and white shorts.
In addition to playing 35 game of rugby union, the Lions team also played 19 games of Victorian Rules Football (later known as Australian Rules Football). The Lions won 6 of the matches under the Australian rules, despite having no experience with the code prior to the tour.
- Harry Collinge Speakman (Runcorn)
- Herbert Brooks (Edinburgh University), (Durham)
- Jack Anderton (Salford)
- Andrew Stoddart, (Blackheath)
- Robert Seddon (Swinton) (captain)
- Charlie Mathers (Bramley)
- Sam Williams (Salford)
- Tom Banks (Swinton)
- Harry Eagles (Salford)
- Angus Stuart (Dewsbury – Scottish uncapped)
- W.H. Thomas (Cambridge University)
- Tom Kent (Salford)
- A.P. Penketh (Douglas), (Isle of Man)
- R. "Bob" Burnett (Hawick RFC)
- A. J. Laing (Hawick RFC)
- John Smith (Edinburgh University)
- Jack P. Clowes (Halifax)
|Match 1||28 April||Otago||Dunedin, New Zealand||Won||8–3|
|Match 2||2 May||Otago||Dunedin, New Zealand||Won||4–3|
|Match 3||5 May||Canterbury||Christchurch, New Zealand||Won||14–6|
|Match 4||9 May||Canterbury||Christchurch, New Zealand||Won||4–0|
|Match 5||12 May||Wellington||Wellington, New Zealand||Drew||3–3|
|Match 6||14 May||H Roberts XV||Wellington, New Zealand||Won||4–1|
|Match 7||16 May||Taranaki clubs||New Plymouth, New Zealand||Lost||0–1|
|Match 8||19 May||Auckland||Auckland, New Zealand||Won||6–3|
|Match 9||24 May||Auckland||Auckland, New Zealand||Lost||0–4|
|Match 10||2 June||New South Wales||Sydney||Won||18–2|
|Match 11||7 June||Bathurst||Bathurst, Australia||Won||13–6|
|Match 12||9 June||New South Wales||Sydney||Won||18–6|
|Match 13||11 June||Sydney Juniors||Sydney||Won||11–0|
|Match 14||12 June||The King's School, Parramatta||Parramatta, Australia||Drew||10–10|
|Match 15||16 July||Adelaide XV||Adelaide, Australia||Won||28–3|
|Match 16||1 August||Melbourne||Melbourne, Australia||Won||15–5|
|Match 17||4 August||New South Wales||Sydney||Won||16–2|
|Match 18||6 August||Sydney Grammar School||Sydney||Drew||3–3|
|Match 19||8 August||Bathurst||Bathurst, Australia||Won||20–10|
|Match 20||11 August||University of Sydney||Sydney||Won||8–4|
|Match 21||18 August||Queensland||Brisbane, Australia||Won||13–6|
|Match 22||21 August||Queensland Juniors||Brisbane, Australia||Won||11–3|
|Match 23||23 August||Ipswich||Ipswich, Australia||Won||12–1|
|Match 24||25 August||Queensland||Queensland, Australia||Won||7–0|
|Match 25||29 August||Newcastle||Newcastle, Australia||Won||15–7|
|Match 26||8 September||Auckland||Auckland, New Zealand||Won||3–0|
|Match 27||12 September||Auckland||Auckland, New Zealand||Drew||1–1|
|Match 28||15 September||Hawke's Bay||Napier, New Zealand||Won||3–2|
|Match 29||17 September||Wairarapa||Masterton, New Zealand||Won||5–1|
|Match 30||20 September||Canterbury||Christchurch, New Zealand||Won||8–0|
|Match 31||22 September||Otago||Dunedin, New Zealand||Drew||0–0|
|Match 32||27 September||South Island||Dunedin, New Zealand||Won||5–3|
|Match 33||29 September||South Island||Christchurch, New Zealand||Won||6–0|
|Match 34||2 October||Taranaki clubs||Hawera, New Zealand||Won||7–1|
|Match 35||3 October||Wanganui||Wanganui, New Zealand||Drew||1–1|
- Godwin, Terry; Rhys, Chris (1981). The Guinness Book of Rugby Facts & Feats. London: Guinness Superlatives Ltd. ISBN 0-85112-214-0.
- Griffiths, John (1990). British Lions. Swindon: Crowood Press. ISBN 1-85223-541-1.
- Griffiths, John (1987). The Phoenix Book of International Rugby Records. London: Phoenix House. ISBN 0-460-07003-7.
- "IRB Hall of Fame 2013 Induction: "The British & Irish Lions and Australia"" (PDF) (Press release). International Rugby Board. Retrieved 5 December 2013.
- Fagan, Sean (2013) The First Lions of Rugby Victoria, Australia : Slattery. ISBN 9780987500274
- Thomas, Clem (2013). 125 Years of the British and Irish Lions: The Official History. Random House. p. The Genesis of the Lions. ISBN 9781780577388.
- Griffiths (1987), pg 9:3.
- Griffiths (1990), pg 15.
- Robert Seddon rugby statistics scrum.com. Accessed 7 March 2009. Archived 2009-05-03.
- Seddon's last hurrah Lionsrugby.com. Accessed 7 March 2009. Archived 2009-05-03.
- Smart, Ted The Ultimate Encyclopedia of Rugby: The Definitive Guide to World Rugby Union; Carlton Books (1997) ISBN 1-85868-076-X
- Lions name is a source of great pride The Times 19 June 2009
- "The forgotten story of ... the 1888 Lions tour". The Guardian. 27 June 2013. Retrieved 27 June 2013.
- "Cricinfo – Players and Officials – Arthur Paul". Archived from the original on 3 May 2009. Retrieved 7 March 2009.
- Geoffrey Moorhouse (2013). At the George: And Other Essays on Rugby League. UK: Faber & Faber.